Does High Self-Esteem Cause Better Performance, Interpersonal Success, Happiness, or Healthier Lifestyles?
- R. Baumeister, J. Campbell, J. Krueger, K. Vohs
- PsychologyPsychological Science in the Public Interest
- 1 May 2003
Although the research has not clearly established causation, it is persuaded that high self-esteem does lead to greater Happiness and recommends using praise to boost self- esteem as a reward for socially desirable behavior and self-improvement.
Self-concept clarity: Measurement, personality correlates, and cultural boundaries.
Self-concept clarity (SCC) references a structural aspect oftbe self-concept: the extent to which selfbeliefs are clearly and confidently defined, internally consistent, and stable. This article…
The structure of the self-concept and its relation to psychological adjustment.
Four studies examined the relations among measures of self-concept structure and their relations with adjustment, finding that greater pluralism in self- Concept structure enhances adjustment, whereas other research suggests that greater unity in the structure enhancesadjustment.
Self-esteem and persistence in the face of failure.
Although traditional views that emphasize the tenacious persistence of HSE individuals need revision, HSE people appear more effective in self-regulating goal-directed behavior.
Motivational interpretations of hindsight bias: An individual difference analysis
When individuals learn the outcome of an event or the correct answer to a question, they overestimate its prior predictability: that is, they tend to believe they “knew it all along.” Cognitive and…
Impact of personal goals on self-regulation processes elicited by daily negative events.
A diary study examined the impact of personal goals on appraisals, self-regulatory processes, and affect in response to daily negative events. Participants, who were pretested on a goal inventory,…
"Self-concept clarity: Measurement, personality correlates, and cultural boundaries": Correction.
Social support and social strain among husbands and wives: a multilevel analysis.
- A. DeLongis, M. Capreol, S. Holtzman, T. O’Brien, J. Campbell
- PsychologyJournal of family psychology
- 1 September 2004
The results of multilevel hierarchical modeling suggest that bothSpousal support and spousal strain made significant, independent contributions to concurrent negative affect, although only spoual support was a significant predictor of next-day negative affect.
Informational and normative routes to conformity: The effect of faction size as a function of norm extremity and attention to the stimulus.
Etude experimentale des effets de la taille des minorites sur l'influence (conformite mesuree par le changement en direction de la norme, rapidite de la decision, persistance en-dehors de la source),…
Self-definition: The impact of the relative performance and similarity of others.
One's self-definition is hypothesized to change, in the service of self-esteem maintenance, as a function of the relative performance and the psychological similarity (closeness) and dissimilarity…