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A selectionist approach to reinforcement.
We describe a principle of reinforcement that draws upon experimental analyses of both behavior and the neurosciences. Some of the implications of this principle for the interpretation of behaviorExpand
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The S-R issue: its status in behavior analysis and in Donahoe and Palmer's learning and complex behavior.
The central focus of this essay is whether the effect of reinforcement is best viewed as the strengthenng of responding or the strengthening of the environmental control of responding. We make theExpand
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Some structural determinants of Pavlovian conditioning in artificial neural networks
This paper investigates the possible role of neuroanatomical features in Pavlovian conditioning, via computer simulations with layered, feedforward artificial neural networks. The networks' structureExpand
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The unit of selection: what do reinforcers reinforce?
We begin by stipulating three central points upon which we and the broad consensus of commentators agree. First, the effects of reinforcers on behavior can be readily demonstrated under conditions inExpand
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Behavior analysis and revaluation.
  • J. Donahoe, J. Burgos
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior
  • 1 November 2000
Revaluation refers to phenomena in which the strength of an operant is altered by reinforcer-related manipulations that take place outside the conditioning situation in which the operant wasExpand
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Chapter 4 – Evolving Artificial Neural Networks in Pavlovian Environments
ABSTRACT This chapter introduces a computational approach to evolutionary interpretations of animal-learning phenomena, with an emphasis upon Pavlovian conditioning. The approach combines aExpand
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Theoretical note: simulating latent inhibition with selection neural networks
  • J. Burgos
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Behavioural Processes
  • 28 April 2003
The selection neural-network model proposed by Donahoe et al. [J. Exp. Anal. Behav. 60 (1993) 17] was used to simulate latent inhibition (LI). The model can simulate increases of LI by the number,Expand
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Pavlovian conditioning: Pigeon nictitating membrane
A new Pavlovian conditioning preparation was developed using the nictitating membrane of the restrained pigeon. Either visual or auditory stimuli served as conditioned stimuli (CSs) with anExpand
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A simultaneous procedure facilitates acquisition under an optimal interstimulus interval in artificial neural networks and rats
In a computer simulation, a neural network first received a simultaneous procedure, where the interstimulus interval (ISI) was 0 time-steps (ts). Output activations were near zero under thisExpand
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The Theory Debate in Psychology
This paper is a conceptual analysis of the theory debate in psychology, as carried out by cognitivists and radical behaviorists. The debate has focused on the necessity of theories in psychology.Expand
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