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Characterization of firefighter exposures during fire overhaul.
TLDR
The results indicate that firefighters should use respiratory protection during overhaul and suggest that CO should not be used as an indicator gas for other contaminants found in this atmosphere. Expand
Arsenic drinking water exposure and urinary excretion among adults in the Yaqui Valley, Sonora, Mexico.
TLDR
The town of Esperanza with the highest arsenic concentration in water had the highest daily mean intake of arsenic through drinking water, the mean value was 65.5 microg/day, and the difference in the proportion of urinary arsenic metabolites in those towns may be due to genetic polymorphisms in the As methylating enzymes of these populations. Expand
Beyond the fireground: injuries in the fire service
TLDR
Physical exercise, patient transport and training activities were responsible for a greater percentage of injuries than fireground operations, and focused efforts to improve the characterisation of risks during these more diverse set of work processes should help guide the development of salient strategies for injury prevention. Expand
The association of aerobic fitness with injuries in the fire service.
TLDR
Findings illustrate the importance of fitness in reducing the risk of injury in physically demanding occupations, such as the fire service, and support the need to provide dedicated resources for structured fitness programming and the promotion of injury prevention strategies to people in those fields. Expand
Arsenic Exposure Is Associated with Decreased DNA Repair in Vitro and in Individuals Exposed to Drinking Water Arsenic
TLDR
Data provide further evidence to support the ability of As to inhibit the DNA repair machinery, which is likely to enhance the genotoxicity and mutagenicity of other directly genotoxic compounds, as part of a cocarcinogenic mechanism of action. Expand
Adverse Respiratory Effects Following Overhaul in Firefighters
TLDR
Firefighter exposures during overhaul have the potential to cause changes in spirometric measurements and lung permeability, and self-contained breathing apparatus should be worn during overhaul to prevent lung injury. Expand
Interim Estimates of Vaccine Effectiveness of BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273 COVID-19 Vaccines in Preventing SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among Health Care Personnel, First Responders, and Other Essential and
TLDR
Findings indicate that authorized mRNA COVID-19 vaccines are effective for preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection, regardless of symptom status, among working-age adults in real-world conditions. Expand
Pulmonary Biomarkers Based on Alterations in Protein Expression after Exposure to Arsenic
TLDR
Combinations of proteomic analyses of animal models followed by specific analysis of human samples provide an unbiased determination of important, previously unidentified putative biomarkers that may be related to human disease. Expand
Contribution of diet to aggregate arsenic exposures—An analysis across populations
TLDR
The majority of inorganic and total As exposure is attributable to diet in subjects with tap water As <MCL, and further research is needed to determine the potential toxicity and need for regulation of As in foods. Expand
Occupational PAH exposures during prescribed pile burns.
TLDR
PAH exposures were low in pile burns, and urinary testing for a PAH metabolite failed to show a significant difference between baseline and post-exposure measurements. Expand
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