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Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains
TLDR
This hands-on laboratory course will take an in-depth study of the human skeleton as a dynamic, living system, and will examine each bone, with a review of normal and abnormal variations.
Pre-Columbian mycobacterial genomes reveal seals as a source of New World human tuberculosis
TLDR
Three 1,000-year-old mycobacterial genomes from Peruvian human skeletons are presented, revealing that a member of the M. tuberculosis complex caused human disease before contact and implicate sea mammals as having played a role in transmitting the disease to humans across the ocean.
Complete Mitochondrial Genomes of Ancient Canids Suggest a European Origin of Domestic Dogs
TLDR
The findings imply that domestic dogs are the culmination of a process that initiated with European hunter-gatherers and the canids with whom they interacted, and molecular dating suggests an onset of domestication there 18,800 to 32,100 years ago.
The Bioarchaeology of Tuberculosis: A Global View on a Reemerging Disease
TLDR
It is revealed that tuberculosis has repeatedly increased over time as societies have become more complex socially, economically and politically.
Identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA in a pre-Columbian Peruvian mummy.
TLDR
The recovery of DNA unique to Mycobacterium tuberculosis from a lung lesion of a spontaneously mummified, 1000-year-old adult female body in southern Peru provides the most specific evidence possible for the pre-Columbian presence of human tuberculosis in the New World.
A 9,000-year record of Chagas' disease
TLDR
The results suggest that the sylvatic (animal-infected) cycle of Chagas' disease was probably well established at the time that the earliest humans (members of the Chinchorro culture) first peopled this segment of the Andean coast and inadvertently joined the many other mammal species acting as hosts for this parasite.
The Use of Strontium Isotope Analysis to Investigate Tiwanaku Migration and Mortuary Ritual in Bolivia and Peru
Strontium isotope analysis is applied in South America for the first time in order to investigate residential mobility and mortuary ritual from ad 500 to 1000. While Tiwanaku-style artefacts are
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