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Duplication, balancing selection and trans-species evolution explain the high levels of polymorphism of the DQA MHC class II gene in voles (Arvicolinae)
The structure and diversity of exon 2 of the MHC class II DQA gene in three species of voles exhibiting regular multi-annual fluctuations of population density is described and the processes leading to the observed MHC polymorphism are analysed. Expand
Extremely high MHC class I variation in a population of a long-distance migrant, the Scarlet Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus)
The results indicate that recombination has played an important role in generating genetic diversity of these genes in the Scarlet Rosefinch, and the significance of this extremely high genetic diversity in light of the life history traits of this species, such as long-distance migration. Expand
Factors affecting success of PCR amplification of microsatellite loci from otter faeces
To increase the effectiveness of microsatellite genotyping of otter faeces, it is recommended collecting samples in cold months and early in the morning, preferably in a frozen state, and the collection of anal jelly samples, or the jelly part from faece, whenever possible. Expand
Evaluation of two approaches to genotyping major histocompatibility complex class I in a passerine—CE‐SSCP and 454 pyrosequencing
In systems with highly duplicated MHC, 454 provides more reliable information on individual diversity than CE‐SSCP, and numbers of alleles detected by both methods are significantly correlated, although the correlation is weak. Expand
Sexual selection for male dominance reduces opportunities for female mate choice in the European bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus)
It was showed that even though larger body size was favoured in both intersexual and intrasexual selection, male–male interference competition reduced opportunities for female choice, and females, despite being choosy, had limited control over the paternity of their offspring. Expand
Structure and diversity of small mammal communities in agriculture landscape
Small mammal communities were snaptrapped for six years in agricultural landscapes to establish their relationship to various crop habitats in southern Moravia, Czech Republic. The presence of 14Expand
It is proposed that in the rose bitterling genetic compatibility is the mechanism by which females obtain a fitness benefit through mate choice and that male MHC dissimilarity, likely mediated by odor cues, indicates genetic compatibility. Expand
Range‐wide population genetic structure of the European bitterling (Rhodeus amarus) based on microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA analysis
It is shown that the inferred history of colonization of Europe was largely congruent between mitochondrial and nuclear markers, and the most divergent mtDNA lineages occur in the Aegean region but probably are not reproductively isolated as the AeGEan populations also displayed mtDNA haplotypes from other lineages and nuclear data indicated their close relationship to Danubian populations. Expand
Low genetic differentiation among reed warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus populations across Europe
Low levels of genetic differentiation among reed warbler populations but this genetic differentiation was not pronounced enough to detect a clear population structure using the microsatellite data and no prior information on geographic location of the sampled individuals suggests a possibly recent divergence of European populations after a rapid range expansion. Expand
Density‐related changes in selection pattern for major histocompatibility complex genes in fluctuating populations of voles
This work investigated whether two MHC class II genes (DQA1, DRB) were subjected to contemporary selection during increases in the density of fossorial water vole populations, by comparing the neutral genetic structure of seven populations with that estimated from MHC genes. Expand