• Publications
  • Influence
Evaluations of Self and Others: Self-Enhancement Biases in Social Judgments
Three investigations are reported that examined the relation between self-appraisals and appraisals of others. In Experiment 1, subjects rated a series of valenced trait adjectives according to howExpand
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Understanding the Better Than Average Effect
  • J. Brown
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Personality & social psychology bulletin
  • 1 February 2012
People evaluate themselves more positively than they evaluate most other people. Although this better than average (BTA) effect was originally thought to represent a motivated bias, severalExpand
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Staying fit and staying well: physical fitness as a moderator of life stress.
  • J. Brown
  • Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1991
Previous research suggests that physical fitness moderates the adverse effects of stressful life events. However, a reliance on self-reports of fitness and health may limit the validity of priorExpand
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When Gulliver travels : social context, psychological closeness, and self-appraisals
Four studies examined how the characteristics of others affect people's self-appraisals. Ss viewed photographs of physically attractive or unattractive targets, then rated their own attractiveness.Expand
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The thrill of victory, the complexity of defeat: self-esteem and people's emotional reactions to success and failure.
Low self-esteem people are assumed to have more severe emotional reactions to failure than are high self-esteem people, but this assumption has not received consistent empirical support. In thisExpand
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From the top down: Self-esteem and self-evaluation
The affective model of self-esteem development assumes that: (a) self-esteem forms early in life in response to relational and temperamental factors; and (b) once formed, endows high self-esteemExpand
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Self-enhancement in Japan and America
North Americans view themselves in more positive terms than they view most other people. In the present paper, we report three studies showing that this bias is also found in Japan. For highly valuedExpand
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Trait Aggressiveness and Situational Provocation: A Test of the Traits as Situational Sensitivities (TASS) Model
In this article, the authors propose and test an interactionist model of personality functioning. The model maintains that many traits function in a threshold-like manner, such that less situationalExpand
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Across the (Not So) Great Divide: Cultural Similarities in Self‐Evaluative Processes
Although it is widely assumed that East Asians and Westerners evaluate themselves differently, there is much support for cultural convergences. In this article, I review evidence showing that in bothExpand
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