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Microstratigraphic evidence of in situ fire in the Acheulean strata of Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape province, South Africa
Micromorphological and Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy analyses of intact sediments at the site of Wonderwerk Cave provide unambiguous evidence—in the form of burned bone and ashed plant remains—that burning took place in the cave during the early Acheulean occupation, approximately 1.0 Ma.
Direct dating of Florisbad hominid
Significance of diet type and diet quality for ecological diversity of African ungulates.
Results show that, contrary to many predictions, body mass and diet type are not related, but these data confirm predictions that diet quality decreases with increasing body size, especially during the dry season, which implies that adaptation to diets of varying quality, through changes in body size and dental features, has been the primary mechanism for diversification in ungulates.
First hominine remains from a ~1.0 million year old bone bed at Cornelia-Uitzoek, Free State Province, South Africa.
It is proposed that the early Homo specimen forms part of an archaic component in the fauna, in parallel with the other archaic faunal elements at Uitzoek, which supports an emergent pattern of archaic survivors in the southern landscape at this time, but also demonstrates the presence of early Homo in the central plains of southern Africa, beyond the dolomitic karst areas.
The evolution of ecological specialization in southern African ungulates: competition‐ or physical environmental turnover?
It is proposed that this niche specialization was a function of long-term exposure to C- 4 grasslands, consistent with predictions that relatively high metabolic demands of C-4 grazing in subtropical environments forced the differentiation of herbivores into one of two highly specialized feeding niches, i.e. C-3 browsing or C-5 grazing.
Multiproxy record of late Quaternary climate change and Middle Stone Age human occupation at Wonderkrater, South Africa
Here we provide a multiproxy record of climate change and human occupation at Wonderkrater, a spring and peat mound site situated in the interior of southern Africa. Recently extracted sediment cores
Palaeontology and geological context of a Middle Pleistocene faunal assemblage from the Gladysvale Cave, South Africa
Palaeo-Anthropology Scientific Trust; French Embassy in South Africa; Co-operation and Cultural Service; National Geographic Society; John Nash and family; DACEL; University of the Witwatersrand
The evolution of the black wildebeest, Connochaetes gnou, and modern largemammal faunas in central Southern Africa
This study investigates the evolution of modern mammalian faunas in the central interior of southern Africa by testing the hypothesis that the evolution of the black wildebeest, Connochaetes gnou,
Dating and correlation of Neogene coastal deposits in the Western Cape (South Africa): Implications for Neotectonism
A northward trending, fossil dune system (Prospect Hill Formation) extends for ~20 km parallel to the coast north of Saldanha. Fossil eggshell fragments of the giant struthious bird Diamantornis