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Universal primers for amplification of three non-coding regions of chloroplast DNA
TLDR
Six primers for the amplification of three non-coding regions of chloroplast DNA via the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) have been designed and worked for most species tested, which means that they may be used to study the population biology and evolution of plants.
Reliable genotyping of samples with very low DNA quantities using PCR.
TLDR
An experimental procedure using PCR that provides a reliable genotype at a microsatellite locus using only a few picograms of template DNA is identified and should be systematically used when genotyping nuclear loci of ancient or forensic samples, museum specimens and hair or feces of free ranging animals.
Multiple maternal origins and weak phylogeographic structure in domestic goats
TLDR
It is suggested that goats and other farm animals have multiple maternal origins with a possible center of origin in Asia, as well as in the Fertile Crescent, and goat populations are surprisingly less genetically structured than cattle populations.
Noninvasive genetic tracking of the endangered Pyrenean brown bear population
TLDR
Comprehensive knowledge of endangered small populations of mammals can be obtained using noninvasive genetic sampling and it is suggested that managers consider population augmentation using only females to preserve the remaining Pyrenean gene pool and increase genetic diversity.
Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism, phylogeography, and conservation genetics of the brown bear Ursus arctos in Europe
TLDR
This study demonstrates the relevance of the molecular phylogeographic approach to the identification of conservation units of the brown bear and deduces the potential conservation units from these results.
Genetic diversity of the shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn), detected by RAPD and chloroplast microsatellite markers
TLDR
It is proposed that the difference between western and eastern populations results from putative refugia separated by the current ‘Dahomey Gap’ (a semiarid zone that meets the coast around the Ghana–Togo–Benin–Nigeria borders), an area that may have been exceptionally dry during glacial periods.
Past climate changes explain the phylogeography of Vitellaria paradoxa over Africa
TLDR
It is suggested that climate variations are the major factor explaining the genetic pattern of V. paradoxa, a major African savanna tree, and perturbations during the last glacial maximum fragmented the potential eastern distribution of shea tree, but not its distribution in West Africa.
Systematics of the genus Capra inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data.
TLDR
It is found that C. aegagrus and C. ibex are polyphyletic species, and a new scenario for Capra immigration into Europe is proposed, and the presence of two clades in the Caucasus and the hypothesis of a domestication event in the Fertile Crescent is proposed.
Comparison of quantitative and molecular variation in agroforestry populations of the shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn) in Mali
TLDR
It is suggested that this marked differentiation for quantitative traits of the shea tree, independent of environmental clines and despite a high gene flow, is a result of local adaptation and human selection of shea trees.
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