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Stalking the perfect measure of implicit self-esteem: the blind men and the elephant revisited?
Recent interest in the implicit self-esteem construct has led to the creation and use of several new assessment tools whose psychometric properties have not been fully explored. In this article, theExpand
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Precarious manhood.
The authors report 5 studies that demonstrate that manhood, in contrast to womanhood, is seen as a precarious state requiring continual social proof and validation. Because of this precariousness,Expand
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Self-Enhancement Tendencies Among People With High Explicit Self-Esteem: The Moderating Role of Implicit Self-Esteem
Consistent with recent research on initials-preferences, we assumed that people's preferences for their initials reflect an implicit form of self-esteem that buffers them against challenges to theirExpand
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Untangling the links between narcissism and self‐esteem: A theoretical and empirical review.
The links among narcissism, explicit (deliberate, controllable) self-esteem, and implicit (automatic, uncontrollable) self-esteem are unclear despite numerous attempts to illuminate these links. SomeExpand
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Hard won and easily lost: A review and synthesis of theory and research on precarious manhood.
This article reviews evidence that manhood is seen as a precarious social status that is both difficult to achieve and tenuously held. Compared with womanhood, which is typically viewed as resultingExpand
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Precarious Manhood and Displays of Physical Aggression
The results of three experiments demonstrate that physically aggressive displays are part of men's cultural script for restoring threatened gender status. In Studies 1 and 2, challenges to men'sExpand
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When Equal Isn't Really Equal: The Masculine Dilemma of Seeking Work Flexibility
Two studies explored gender-relevant expectations and consequences of seeking flexible work arrangements. Study 1 examined preferences and expectations of students nearing the job market. While menExpand
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Role rigidity: a problem of identity misclassification?
When nonstigmatized individuals enact certain role-violating behaviors, they risk becoming "falsely accused deviants" (H. S. Becker, 1963, p. 20). For instance, when heterosexual men performExpand
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Precarious Manhood and Its Links to Action and Aggression
Unlike womanhood, manhood is widely viewed as a status that is elusive (it must be earned) and tenuous (it must be demonstrated repeatedly through actions). This focus on the structure—rather thanExpand
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When saying and doing diverge: The effects ofstereotype threat on self-reported versus nonverbal anxiety
Abstract Although research has established that stigmatized individuals suffer impaired performance under stereotype threat conditions, the anxiety presumed to mediate this effect has provenExpand
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