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Stalking the perfect measure of implicit self-esteem: the blind men and the elephant revisited?
Investigation of the reliability and validity of seven implicit self-esteem measures found some evidence that implicitSelfesteem measures are sensitive to context, but overall, the implicit measures were limited in their ability to predict criterion variables.
Precarious manhood.
The authors report 5 studies that demonstrate that manhood, in contrast to womanhood, is seen as a precarious state requiring continual social proof and validation, and argue that men feel especially threatened by challenges to their masculinity.
Hard won and easily lost: A review and synthesis of theory and research on precarious manhood.
This article reviews evidence that manhood is seen as a precarious social status that is both difficult to achieve and tenuously held. Compared with womanhood, which is typically viewed as resulting
Self-Enhancement Tendencies Among People With High Explicit Self-Esteem: The Moderating Role of Implicit Self-Esteem
Consistent with recent research on initials-preferences, we assumed that people's preferences for their initials reflect an implicit form of self-esteem that buffers them against challenges to their
Untangling the links between narcissism and self‐esteem: A theoretical and empirical review.
The links among narcissism, explicit (deliberate, controllable) self-esteem, and implicit (automatic, uncontrollable) self-esteem are unclear despite numerous attempts to illuminate these links. Some
Precarious Manhood and Displays of Physical Aggression
The results of three experiments demonstrate that physically aggressive displays are part of men's cultural script for restoring threatened gender status and suggest that aggressive displays may function to downregulate negative affect when manhood has been threatened.
Role rigidity: a problem of identity misclassification?
Findings presented here reveal that expectations of identity misclassification fuel nonstigmatized individuals' negative reactions to role violations and that using a disclaimer--that is, informing their audience of their nonStigmatized identity--assuages people's discomfort during a role-violating behavior.
When Equal Isn't Really Equal: The Masculine Dilemma of Seeking Work Flexibility
Two studies explored gender-relevant expectations and consequences of seeking flexible work arrangements. Study 1 examined preferences and expectations of students nearing the job market. While men
Precarious Manhood and Its Links to Action and Aggression
Unlike womanhood, manhood is widely viewed as a status that is elusive (it must be earned) and tenuous (it must be demonstrated repeatedly through actions). This focus on the structure—rather than