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Exercise-induced suppression of appetite: effects on food intake and implications for energy balance.
It is indicated that exercise-induced anorexia can be characterized by a brief suppression of hunger, accompanied by a delay to the onset of eating, which may best be measured by the resistance to begin eating rather than the amount of food consumed.
Individual variability following 12 weeks of supervised exercise: identification and characterization of compensation for exercise-induced weight loss
- N. King, Mark Hopkins, P. Caudwell, R. Stubbs, J. Blundell
- Medicine, PsychologyInternational Journal of Obesity
These results demonstrate that expressing the exercise-induced change in body weight as a group mean conceals the large inter-individual variability inBody weight and compensatory responses.
Metabolic and Behavioral Compensatory Responses to Exercise Interventions: Barriers to Weight Loss
It is proposed that some individuals will be predisposed to compensatory responses that render them resistant to the weight loss benefits theoretically associated with an exercise‐induced increase in energy expenditure, and exercise prescriptions might be more effective if tailored to suit individuals.
Behavioral Satiety Sequence (BSS) for the Diagnosis of Drug Action on Food Intake
- J. Halford, Shamila Wanninayake, J. Blundell
- Psychology, MedicinePharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
- 1 October 1998
The Behavioral Satiety Sequence is the name given to the orderly transitions of eating, activity grooming and resting measured during the postingestive period and can be used to discriminate between different drugs that reduce food intake via these natural physiological mechanisms or those that do so by interference.
Pharmacological approaches to appetite suppression.
- J. Blundell
- Psychology, MedicineTrends in pharmacological sciences
John Blundell advocates a systems approach to the study of appetite control, where drug-induced changes in feeding should be interpreted according to a system which involves behaviour, peripheral physiology and brain neural pathways.
Uncoupling the Effects of Energy Expenditure and Energy Intake: Appetite Response to Short-term Energy Deficit Induced by Meal Omission and Physical Activity
Two methods of inducing a short-term energy deficit had markedly different effects on appetite: the low-energy breakfast presumably fails to generate the inhibitory satiety signals induced by the 500 kcal breakfast, whereas the metabolic effects of an exercise session failed to generate excitatory signals to hunger and food intake.
Menstrual cycle and appetite control: implications for weight regulation.
The premenstrual phase can be considered as a time when women are especially vulnerable to overconsumption, food craving and depression; this is often associated with low serotonin activity.
Disinhibition: its effects on appetite and weight regulation
- E. Bryant, N. King, J. Blundell
- Psychology, MedicineObesity reviews : an official journal of the…
- 26 December 2007
It is suggested that the trait of Disinhibition be more appropriately renamed as ‘opportunistic eating’ or ‘thrifty behaviour’, with influences that go beyond eating behaviour and incorporate other behaviours which contribute to weight regulation and obesity.
Effects of targeted delivery of propionate to the human colon on appetite regulation, body weight maintenance and adiposity in overweight adults
It is demonstrated for the first time that increasing colonic propionate prevents weight gain in overweight adult humans.
The effect of an incremental increase in exercise on appetite, eating behaviour and energy balance in lean men and women feeding ad libitum.
The present study captured the initial compensation in EI for exercise-induced energy deficits in lean men and women, and the degree of compensation varied considerably among individuals.