• Publications
  • Influence
Self-medication with Antimicrobial Drugs in Europe
Antimicrobial drug self-medication occurs most often in eastern and southern Europe and least often in northern and western Europe.
Determinants of self-medication with antibiotics in Europe: the impact of beliefs, country wealth and the healthcare system.
Interventions aimed at preventing self-medication should include public education, enforcing regulations regarding the sale of antibiotics, and implementing laws for dispensing exact prescribed tablet quantities in pharmacies.
Attitudes, beliefs and knowledge concerning antibiotic use and self-medication: a comparative European study.
Public attitudes, beliefs and knowledge concerning antibiotic use and self-medication between 11 European countries were compared and the most pronounced differences were for awareness about resistance, followed by attitudes towards situational use of antibiotics.
Is self-medication with antibiotics in Europe driven by prescribed use?
Prescribed use for URTIs (minor ailments such as throat symptom, influenza, etc.) increased the likelihood of self-medication with leftover antibiotics for these symptoms/diseases in all European regions.
Attitudes, beliefs and knowledge concerning antibiotic use and self‐medication: a comparative European study
This work compared public attitudes, beliefs and knowledge concerning antibiotic use and self‐medication between 11 European countries to highlight the importance of cultural factors for antibiotic use.
Impact of infection control interventions on rates of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in National Health Service acute hospitals, East Midlands, UK, using interrupted time-series analysis.
The overall results suggest that national and regional campaigns had a beneficial impact on MRSA and MSSA bacteraemia within the East Midlands.
Prescribing antibiotics for sore throat: adherence to guidelines in patients admitted to hospital
Adherence to guidelines for prescribing antibiotics in patients with features of group A β-haemolytic streptococcal sore throat is poor and information support may help to improve prescribing.
Communicable diseases in the East Midlands
The incidence and prevalence rates of a wide range of communicable disease and the current or proposed public health initiatives are discussed and the background to a number of other important communicable diseases are given.