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Where is the semantic system? A critical review and meta-analysis of 120 functional neuroimaging studies.
TLDR
The expansion of these regions in the human relative to the nonhuman primate brain may explain uniquely human capacities to use language productively, plan, solve problems, and create cultural and technological artifacts, all of which depend on the fluid and efficient retrieval and manipulation of semantic knowledge. Expand
Human temporal lobe activation by speech and nonspeech sounds.
TLDR
Recording of blood oxygenation signals from the temporal lobes of normal volunteers using functional magnetic resonance imaging indicates functional subdivision of the human lateral temporal cortex and provides a preliminary framework for understanding the cortical processing of speech sounds. Expand
The neurobiology of semantic memory
TLDR
It is shown that large brain regions that participate in comprehension tasks but are not modality-specific lie at convergences of multiple perceptual processing streams, which enable increasingly abstract, supramodal representations of perceptual experience that support a variety of conceptual functions including object recognition, social cognition, language, and the remarkable human capacity to remember the past and imagine the future. Expand
A Parametric Manipulation of Factors Affecting Task-induced Deactivation in Functional Neuroimaging
TLDR
Results suggest that TID represents reallocation of processing resources from areas in which TID occurs to areas involved in task performance, and short-term memory load and stimulus rate also predict suppression of spontaneous thought. Expand
Human Brain Language Areas Identified by Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
TLDR
Although partly in conflict with the classical model of language localization, FMRI findings are generally compatible with reported lesion data and provide additional support for ongoing efforts to refine and extend the classicalmodel. Expand
Conceptual Processing during the Conscious Resting State: A Functional MRI Study
TLDR
A model that proposes that perceptual tasks interrupt processes ongoing during rest that involve many of the same brain areas engaged during semantic retrieval may help to explain several unanticipated results from prior studies of semantic processing. Expand
Language dominance in neurologically normal and epilepsy subjects: a functional MRI study.
TLDR
Language lateralization in the normal group was weakly related to age, but was not significantly related to sex, education, task performance or familial left-handedness, and increases in blood oxygenation-dependent signal during a semantic language activation task relative to a non-linguistic, auditory discrimination task provided an index of language system lateralization. Expand
Distinct Brain Systems for Processing Concrete and Abstract Concepts
TLDR
The results show overlapping but partly distinct neural systems for processing concrete and abstract concepts, with greater involvement of bilateral association areas during concrete word processing, and processing of abstract concepts almost exclusively by the left hemisphere. Expand
Distributed Neural Systems Underlying the Timing of Movements
TLDR
The results suggest that the internal generation of precisely timed movements is dependent on three interrelated neural systems, one that is involved in explicit timing (putamen, ventrolateral thalamus, SMA), one that mediates auditory sensory memory (IFG, STG), and another that is involvement in sensorimotor processing (dorsal dentate nucleus, sensorim motor cortex). Expand
Neural Systems Underlying the Recognition of Familiar and Newly Learned Faces
TLDR
Recognition of famous faces was associated with a widespread network of bilateral brain activations involving the prefrontal, lateral temporal, and mesial temporal regions compared to recognition of recently encoded faces or unfamiliar faces seen for the first time. Expand
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