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The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication.
Efforts are needed to increase the detection and treatment of adult ADHD and research is needed to determine whether effective treatment would reduce the onset, persistence, and severity of disorders that co-occur with adult ADHD. Expand
The worldwide prevalence of ADHD: a systematic review and metaregression analysis.
The findings suggest that geographic location plays a limited role in the reasons for the large variability of ADHD/HD prevalence estimates worldwide and that this variability seems to be explained primarily by the methodological characteristics of studies. Expand
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Selective Overview
  • J. Biederman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • 1 June 2005
Structural and functional imaging studies suggest that dysfunction in the fronto-subcortical pathways, as well as imbalances in the dopaminergic and noradrenergic systems, contribute to the pathophysiology of ADHD. Expand
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
Converging evidence from animal and human studies implicates the dysregulation of frontal-subcortical-cerebellar catecholaminergic circuits in the pathophysiology of ADHD, and molecular imaging studies suggest that abnormalities of the dopamine transporter lead to impaired neurotransmission. Expand
What Is the Prevalence of Adult ADHD? Results of a Population Screen of 966 Adults
It is suggested that adult ADHD is a common disorder associated with impaired functioning and having ADHD is associated with lower levels of education and employment status. Expand
Validity of pilot Adult ADHD Self- Report Scale (ASRS) to Rate Adult ADHD symptoms.
The pilot Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale symptom checklist is a reliable and valid scale for evaluating ADHD for adults and shows a high internal consistency and high concurrent validity with the rater-administered ADHD RS. Expand
Patterns of psychiatric comorbidity, cognition, and psychosocial functioning in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
The results show that referred and nonreferred adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder have a pattern of demographic, psychosocial, psychiatric, and cognitive features that mirrors well-documented findings among children with the disorder. Expand
Impact of executive function deficits and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on academic outcomes in children.
The association between executive function deficits (EFDs) and functional outcomes were examined among children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and these results support screening children with ADHD for EFDs to prevent academic failure. Expand
DSM-IV field trials for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents.
The results support the decision to subdivide the heterogeneous category of DSM-III-R attention deficit hyperactivity disorder into three subtypes and the resulting DSM-IV definition appears to be somewhat less biased toward the symptom pattern typical of elementary school boys. Expand
The age-dependent decline of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a meta-analysis of follow-up studies
The results show that estimates of ADHD's persistence rely heavily on how one defines persistence, yet, regardless of definition, the analyses show that evidence for ADHD lessens with age. Expand