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Pacific and Atlantic Ocean influences on multidecadal drought frequency in the United States
More than half (52%) of the spatial and temporal variance in multidecadal drought frequency over the conterminous United States is attributable to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and theExpand
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Mesoscale Disturbance and Ecological Response to Decadal Climatic Variability in the American Southwest
Climatic variables such as radiation, temperature and precipitation determine rates of ecosystem processes from net primary productivity to soil development. They predict a wide array ofExpand
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A tree‐ring based reconstruction of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation since 1567 A.D.
[1] We present a tree-ring based reconstruction of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) which demonstrates that strong, low-frequency (60–100 yr) variability in basin-wide (0–70°N) sea surfaceExpand
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APPLIED HISTORICAL ECOLOGY: USING THE PAST TO MANAGE FOR THE FUTURE
Applied historical ecology is the use of historical knowledge in the man- agement of ecosystems. Historical perspectives increase our understanding of the dynamic nature of landscapes and provide aExpand
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Warming experiments underpredict plant phenological responses to climate change
Warming experiments are increasingly relied on to estimate plant responses to global climate change. For experiments to provide meaningful predictions of future responses, they should reflect theExpand
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Fire-Southern Oscillation Relations in the Southwestern United States
Fire scar and tree growth chronologies (1700 to 1905) and fire statistics (since 1905) from Arizona and New Mexico show that small areas burn after wet springs associated with the low phase of theExpand
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Ecology and the ratchet of events: Climate variability, niche dimensions, and species distributions
Climate change in the coming centuries will be characterized by interannual, decadal, and multidecadal fluctuations superimposed on anthropogenic trends. Predicting ecological and biogeographicExpand
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The Unusual Nature of Recent Snowpack Declines in the North American Cordillera
The snowpack covering the mountains of western North America has decreased dramatically during the past 50 years. In western North America, snowpack has declined in recent decades, and further lossesExpand
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Predicting phenology by integrating ecology, evolution and climate science
Forecasting how species and ecosystems will respond to climate change has been a major aim of ecology in recent years. Much of this research has focused on phenology – the timing of life-historyExpand
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Paleowetlands and regional climate change in the central Atacama Desert, northern chile
Widespread, organic-rich diatomaceous deposits are evidence for formerly wetter times along the margins of the central Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on Earth today. We mapped and datedExpand
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