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Meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology: a proposal for reporting. Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) group.
TLDR
A checklist contains specifications for reporting of meta-analyses of observational studies in epidemiology, including background, search strategy, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion should improve the usefulness ofMeta-an analyses for authors, reviewers, editors, readers, and decision makers. Expand
SPIRIT 2013 explanation and elaboration: guidance for protocols of clinical trials
TLDR
The SPIRIT 2013 Explanation and Elaboration paper provides important information to promote full understanding of the checklist recommendations and strongly recommends that this explanatory paper be used in conjunction with the SPIRit Statement. Expand
SPIRIT 2013 statement: defining standard protocol items for clinical trials.
TLDR
The systematic development and scope of SPIRIT (Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials) 2013 is described, a guideline for the minimum content of a clinical trial protocol. Expand
Publication bias in clinical research
TLDR
The presence of publication bias in a cohort of clinical research studies is confirmed and it is suggested that conclusions based only on a review of published data should be interpreted cautiously, especially for observational studies. Expand
A meta-analysis of physical activity in the prevention of coronary heart disease.
TLDR
The authors apply the techniques of meta-analysis to data extracted from the published literature by Powell et al. to make formal quantitative statements and to explore features of study design that influence the observed relation between physical activity and coronary heart disease risk. Expand
The effect of race and sex on physicians' recommendations for cardiac catheterization.
TLDR
It is suggested that the race and sex of a patient independently influence how physicians manage chest pain. Expand
The epidemiology and attributable outcomes of candidemia in adults and children hospitalized in the United States: a propensity analysis.
TLDR
The impact of candidemia on excess mortality, increased length of stay, and the burden of cost of hospitalization underscores the need for improved means of prevention and treatment ofCandida species in adults and children. Expand
Effect of testosterone treatment on body composition and muscle strength in men over 65 years of age.
TLDR
It is concluded that increasing the serum testosterone concentrations of normal men over 65 yr of age to the midnormal range for young men decreased fat mass, principally in the arms and legs, and increased lean mass, chiefly in the trunk, but did not increase the strength of knee extension and flexion, as measured by dynamometer. Expand
The association between hepatitis C infection and survival after orthotopic liver transplantation.
TLDR
Liver transplantation in HCV-positive recipients was associated with an increased rate of death and allograft failure and this reduction in survival persisted after adjusting for potential confounders. Expand
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