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Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Current Knowledge and Future Challenges
Larger numbers of species are probably needed to reduce temporal variability in ecosystem processes in changing environments and to determine how biodiversity dynamics, ecosystem processes, and abiotic factors interact.
Response diversity, ecosystem change, and resilience
Biological diversity appears to enhance the resilience of desirable ecosystem states, which is required to secure the production of essential ecosystem services. The diversity of responses to…
Landscape moderation of biodiversity patterns and processes ‐ eight hypotheses
- T. Tscharntke, J. Tylianakis, C. Westphal
- Environmental ScienceBiological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical…
- 1 August 2012
This review uses knowledge gained from human‐modified landscapes to suggest eight hypotheses, which it hopes will encourage more systematic research on the role of landscape composition and configuration in determining the structure of ecological communities, ecosystem functioning and services.
The effects of organic agriculture on biodiversity and abundance: a meta‐analysis
It is suggested that positive effects of organic farming on species richness can be expected in intensively managed agricultural landscapes, but not in small-scale landscapes comprising many other biotopes as well as agricultural fields.
Higher levels of multiple ecosystem services are found in forests with more tree species
It is reported that tree species richness in production forests shows positive to positively hump-shaped relationships with multiple ecosystem services, including production of tree biomass, soil carbon storage, berry production and game production potential.
Biodiversity, disturbances, ecosystem function and management of European forests
Reserves, Resilience and Dynamic Landscapes
Present static reserves should be complemented with dynamic reserves that are part of ecosystem management mimicking natural disturbance regimes at the landscape level, such as ecological fallows and dynamic successional reserves.
Persistent negative effects of pesticides on biodiversity and biological control potential on European farmland
Land‐use intensity and the effects of organic farming on biodiversity: a hierarchical meta‐analysis
- Sean L Tuck, C. Winqvist, F. Mota, J. Ahnström, L. Turnbull, J. Bengtsson
- Environmental ScienceThe Journal of applied ecology
- 7 February 2014
It is affirmed that organic farming has large positive effects on biodiversity compared with conventional farming, but that the effect size varies with the organism group and crop studied, and is greater in landscapes with higher land‐use intensity.
Bumble Bees (Bombus spp) along a Gradient of Increasing Urbanization
The results suggest that allotment gardens and other urban green areas can serve as important alternatives to natural habitats for many bumble bee species, but that the surrounding urban landscape influences how many species that will be present.