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IL-33, an interleukin-1-like cytokine that signals via the IL-1 receptor-related protein ST2 and induces T helper type 2-associated cytokines.
TLDR
A member of theIL-1 family, IL-33, which mediates its biological effects via IL-1 receptor ST 2, activates NF-kappaB and MAP kinases, and drives production of T(H)2-associated cytokines from in vitro polarized T( H)2 cells is reported. Expand
Novel p19 protein engages IL-12p40 to form a cytokine, IL-23, with biological activities similar as well as distinct from IL-12.
TLDR
Human IL-23 stimulates IFN-gamma production and proliferation in PHA blast T cells, as well as in CD45RO (memory) T cells and induces strong proliferation of mouse memory T cells. Expand
A Core Complex of BBS Proteins Cooperates with the GTPase Rab8 to Promote Ciliary Membrane Biogenesis
TLDR
The data reveal that BBS may be caused by defects in vesicular transport to the cilium, and a complex composed of seven highly conserved BBS proteins is identified, the BBSome, which localizes to nonmembranous centriolar satellites in the cytoplasm but also to the membrane of the cILium. Expand
IL-27, a heterodimeric cytokine composed of EBI3 and p28 protein, induces proliferation of naive CD4+ T cells.
TLDR
A new heterodimeric cytokine termed IL-27 is described that consists of EBI3, an IL-12p40-related protein, and p28, a newly discovered IL- 12p35-related polypeptide and drives rapid clonal expansion of naive but not memory CD4(+) T cells. Expand
A new class of membrane-bound chemokine with a CX3C motif
TLDR
The structure, biochemical features, tissue distribution and chromosomal localization of CX3C chemokine all indicate that it represents a unique class of chemokines that may constitute part of the molecular control of leukocyte traffic at the endothelium. Expand
WSX-1 and Glycoprotein 130 Constitute a Signal-Transducing Receptor for IL-27
TLDR
It is described that WSX-1 together with gp130 constitutes a functional signal-transducing receptor for IL-27, and it is shown that neither of the two subunits itself is sufficient to mediateIL-27-induced signal transduction, but that the combination of both is required for this event. Expand
A family of human receptors structurally related to Drosophila Toll.
TLDR
This work reports the molecular cloning of a class of putative human receptors with a protein architecture that is similar to Drosophila Toll in both intra- and extracellular segments and indicates markedly different patterns of expression for the human TLRs. Expand
The Conserved Bardet-Biedl Syndrome Proteins Assemble a Coat that Traffics Membrane Proteins to Cilia
TLDR
The BBSome constitutes a coat complex that sorts membrane proteins to primary cilia and it is proposed that trafficking of BBSome cargoes to cilia entails the coupling ofBBSome coat polymerization to the recognition of sorting signals by the BBSome. Expand
Smoothened Mutation Confers Resistance to a Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor in Medulloblastoma
TLDR
These findings show that acquired mutations in a serpentine receptor with features of a G protein–coupled receptor can serve as a mechanism of drug resistance in human cancer. Expand
Structural design and molecular evolution of a cytokine receptor superfamily.
  • J. Bazan
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1 September 1990
TLDR
This work proposes that the approximately 200-residue binding segment of the canonical cytokine receptor is composed of two discrete folding domains that share a significant sequence and structural resemblance with a likely binding site for cytokine ligands. Expand
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