• Publications
  • Influence
Height and the Standard of Living
  • 75
  • 11
Growing Tall but Unequal: New Findings and New Background Evidence on Anthropometric Welfare in 156 Countries, 1810–1989
Abstract This is the first initiative to collate the entire body of anthropometric evidence during the 19th and 20th centuries, on a global scale. By providing a comprehensive dataset on globalExpand
  • 108
  • 10
  • PDF
Protein supply and nutritional status in nineteenth century Bavaria, Prussia and France.
  • J. Baten
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Economics and human biology
  • 1 July 2009
What determined regional height differences in the 19th century? We compare anthropometric evidence with production estimates of different food products and other economic variables. To this end, weExpand
  • 53
  • 9
Heights of Men and Women in 19th-Century Bavaria: Economic, Nutritional, and Disease Influences
Abstract We analyze heights of men and women who were imprisoned in 19th-century Bavaria. Heights were not significantly correlated by sex over time. Both men and women grew taller in milk- andExpand
  • 138
  • 8
Global Trends in Numeracy 1820-1949 and its Implications for Long-Run Growth
This study is the first to explore long-run trends of numeracy for the 1820-1949 period in 165 countries, and its contribution to growth. Estimates of the long-run numeracy development of mostExpand
  • 159
  • 8
Technological and Geographical Knowledge Spillover in the German Empire 18771918
We use a newly developed data set of 39,343 high-value patents granted between 1877 and 1918 to demonstrate that technological progress during German industrialization occurred in at least fourExpand
  • 63
  • 7
Why are you tall while others are short? Agricultural production and other proximate determinants of global heights
We analyze the proximate determinants of the biological standard of living from a global perspective, namely high-quality nutrition and the disease environment during the nineteenth and twentiethExpand
  • 52
  • 6
  • PDF
The biological standard of living in Europe during the last two millennia
This paper offers the first anthropometric estimates on the biological standard of living in central Europe in the first millennium, and expands the literature on the second millenium. The overallExpand
  • 163
  • 5
  • PDF
Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa: New Data and New Insights from Anthropometric Estimates
Reliable information on inequality within countries is highly scarce, especially for Less Developed Countries (LDCs). Using anthropometric measures, we extend the inequality database for Sub-SaharanExpand
  • 127
  • 5
The Changing Shape of Global Inequality 1820–2000; Exploring a New Dataset
type="main"> A new dataset for charting the development of global inequality between 1820 and 2000 is presented, based on a large variety of sources and methods for estimating (gross household)Expand
  • 88
  • 5
  • PDF