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The nested assembly of plant–animal mutualistic networks
Most studies of plant–animal mutualisms involve a small number of species. There is almost no information on the structural organization of species-rich mutualistic networks despite its potentialExpand
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Early-warning signals for critical transitions
Complex dynamical systems, ranging from ecosystems to financial markets and the climate, can have tipping points at which a sudden shift to a contrasting dynamical regime may occur. AlthoughExpand
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The modularity of pollination networks
In natural communities, species and their interactions are often organized as nonrandom networks, showing distinct and repeated complex patterns. A prevalent, but poorly explored pattern isExpand
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Plant-Animal Mutualistic Networks: The Architecture of Biodiversity
The mutually beneficial interactions between plants and their animal pollinators and seed dispersers have been paramount in the generation of Earth's biodiversity. These mutualistic interactionsExpand
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Global change and species interactions in terrestrial ecosystems.
The main drivers of global environmental change (CO2 enrichment, nitrogen deposition, climate, biotic invasions and land use) cause extinctions and alter species distributions, and recent evidenceExpand
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The architecture of mutualistic networks minimizes competition and increases biodiversity
The main theories of biodiversity either neglect species interactions or assume that species interact randomly with each other. However, recent empirical work has revealed that ecological networksExpand
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Asymmetric Coevolutionary Networks Facilitate Biodiversity Maintenance
The mutualistic interactions between plants and their pollinators or seed dispersers have played a major role in the maintenance of Earth's biodiversity. To investigate how coevolutionaryExpand
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Invariant properties in coevolutionary networks of plant-animal interactions
Plant–animal mutualistic networks are interaction webs consisting of two sets of entities, plant and animal species, whose evolutionary dynamics are deeply influenced by the outcomes of theExpand
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Approaching a state shift in Earth’s biosphere
Localized ecological systems are known to shift abruptly and irreversibly from one state to another when they are forced across critical thresholds. Here we review evidence that the global ecosystemExpand
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Anticipating Critical Transitions
All Change Research on early warning signals for critical transitions in complex systems such as ecosystems, climate, and global finance systems recently has been gathering pace. At the same time,Expand
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