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Primary forests are irreplaceable for sustaining tropical biodiversity
It is found that biodiversity values were substantially lower in degraded forests, but that this varied considerably by geographic region, taxonomic group, ecological metric and disturbance type. Expand
Quantifying the biodiversity value of tropical primary, secondary, and plantation forests
The results show that, whereas the biodiversity indicator group concept may hold some validity for several taxa that are frequently sampled, it fails for those exhibiting highly idiosyncratic responses to tropical land-use change, highlighting the problems associated with quantifying the biodiversity value of anthropogenic habitats. Expand
Prospects for tropical forest biodiversity in a human-modified world.
A critical synthesis of the scientific insights that guide the understanding of patterns and processes underpinning forest biodiversity in the human-modified tropics are provided, and a conceptual framework that integrates a broad range of social and ecological factors that define and contextualize the possible future of tropical forest species is presented. Expand
A large-scale field assessment of carbon stocks in human-modified tropical forests.
Carbon loss and subsequent emissions due to human disturbances remain largely unaccounted for in greenhouse gas inventories, but by comparing estimates of depleted carbon stocks in disturbed forests with Brazilian government assessments of the total forest area annually disturbed in the Amazon, it is shown that these emissions could represent up to 40% of the carbon loss from deforestation in the region. Expand
Paradox, presumption and pitfalls in conservation biology: The importance of habitat change for amphibians and reptiles.
A global scale review of the state of research regarding the consequences of structural habitat change for amphibians and reptiles reveals a number of serious deficiencies, and suggests that the study of habitat change is deserving of considerably more attention. Expand
The value of primary, secondary and plantation forests for Amazonian birds.
Secondary forests and exotic tree plantations are rapidly expanding across tropical landscapes, yet we currently have a very poor understanding of the value of these human-dominated forest landscapesExpand
Understanding the biodiversity consequences of habitat change: the value of secondary and plantation forests for neotropical dung beetles
1. Secondary and plantation forests are becoming increasingly widespread in the tropics. A recent meta-analysis on the impacts of land-use change on tropical forest dung beetles concluded thatExpand
The value of primary, secondary and plantation forests for fruit-feeding butterflies in the Brazilian Amazon
1. Secondary forests growing on cleared lands and tree plantations are becoming increasingly widespread land-uses in the tropics. Previous studies are divided on the conservation importance of theseExpand
The value of primary, secondary, and plantation forests for a neotropical herpetofauna.
Although plantation forests are relatively impoverished, naturally regenerating forests can help mitigate some negative effects of deforestation for herpetofauna, secondary forest does not provide a substitute for primary forest, and in the absence of further evidence from older successional stands, it is cautioned against the optimistic claim that natural forest regeneration in abandoned lands will provide refuge for the many species that are currently threatened by deforestation. Expand
21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions
It is shown that gross emissions from forest fires are more than half as great as those from deforestation during drought years, which means that carbon emission inventories intended for accounting and developing policies need to take account of substantial forest fire emissions not associated to the deforestation process. Expand