Annual Age-Grouping and Athlete Development
This article represents the first meta-analytical review of RAEs, aimed to collectively determine the overall prevalence and strength of Raes across and within sports, and identify moderator variables.
Practice and play in the development of sport expertise.
Early Specialization in Youth Sport: A Requirement for Adult Expertise?.
- J. Baker
The role of early specialization in the development of sport expertise is a point of contention among researchers. While there is consistent evidence linking quantity of training with level of…
When “where” is more important than “when”: Birthplace and birthdate effects on the achievement of sporting expertise
Comparative analyses suggested that contextual factors associated with place of birth contribute more influentially to the achievement of an elite level of sport performance than does relative age and that these factors are essentially independent in their influences on expertise development.
Learning from the Experts: Practice Activities of Expert Decision Makers in Sport
Studies examining expert performance in the context of practice histories have revealed that across a range of domains, including sport, a minimum of 10 years of sustained practice appears to be a necessary condition for developing expertise.
Influences of competition level, gender, player nationality, career stage and playing position on relative age effects
- J. Schorer, S. Cobley, D. Büsch, H. Bräutigam, J. Baker
- PsychologyScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in…
- 1 October 2009
Three studies try to bridge the gap by investigating several moderators for relative age effects (RAEs) in one sport, Handball, by investigating the influence of competition level and gender on RAEs before adulthood and providing evidence toward explaining how Raes influence the development and maintenance of expertise.
Relationship of Physical Fitness Test Results and Hockey Playing Potential in Elite-Level Ice Hockey Players
- Jaime F Burr, R. Jamnik, J. Baker, A. Macpherson, N. Gledhill, E. McGuire
- EducationJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
- 1 September 2008
Regression models revealed peak anaerobic power output to be important for higher draft round selection in all positions; however, the degree of importance of this measurement varied with playing position; and removal of the goalies' data increased predictive capacity.
Sport-Specific Practice and the Development of Expert Decision-Making in Team Ball Sports
The role of sport-specific practice in the development of decision-making expertise in the sports of field hockey, netball, and basketball was examined. Fifteen expert decision-makers and 13…
The Relative Age Effect in Sport: A Developmental Systems Model
This paper reviews and summarizes the existing literature on relative age in sport, and proposes a constraints-based developmental systems model for RAEs in sport.
A review of primary and secondary influences on sport expertise
Sport scientists have examined numerous factors influencing the acquisition and manifestation of high levels of performance. These factors can be divided into variables having a primary influence on…