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Historical Overfishing and the Recent Collapse of Coastal Ecosystems
Ecological extinction caused by overfishing precedes all other pervasive human disturbance to coastal ecosystems, including pollution, degradation of water quality, and anthropogenic climate change.… Expand
Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs
The diversity, frequency, and scale of human impacts on coral reefs are increasing to the extent that reefs are threatened globally. Projected increases in carbon dioxide and temperature over the… Expand
Trophic Downgrading of Planet Earth
Until recently, large apex consumers were ubiquitous across the globe and had been for millions of years. The loss of these animals may be humankind’s most pervasive influence on nature. Although… Expand
Depletion, Degradation, and Recovery Potential of Estuaries and Coastal Seas
Estuarine and coastal transformation is as old as civilization yet has dramatically accelerated over the past 150 to 300 years. Reconstructed time lines, causes, and consequences of change in 12 once… Expand
Response to Comments on "Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services"
We show that globally declining fisheries catch trends cannot be explained by random processes and are consistent with declining stock abundance trends. Future projections are inherently uncertain… Expand
Global Trajectories of the Long-Term Decline of Coral Reef Ecosystems
Degradation of coral reef ecosystems began centuries ago, but there is no global summary of the magnitude of change. We compiled records, extending back thousands of years, of the status and trends… Expand
What was natural in the coastal oceans?
- J. B. Jackson
- Geography, Medicine
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 8 May 2001
Humans transformed Western Atlantic coastal marine ecosystems before modern ecological investigations began. Paleoecological, archeological, and historical reconstructions demonstrate incredible… Expand
Hurricane Allen's Impact on Jamaican Coral Reefs.
Coral reefs of north Jamaica, normally sheltered, were severely damaged by Hurricane Allen, the strongest Caribbean hurricane of this century. Immediate studies were made at Discovery Bay, where reef… Expand
Formation of the Isthmus of Panama
Independent evidence from rocks, fossils, and genes converge on a cohesive narrative of isthmus formation in the Pliocene. The formation of the Isthmus of Panama stands as one of the greatest natural… Expand
Environmental change preceded Caribbean extinction by 2 million years
- A. O’Dea, J. B. Jackson, +4 authors J. Todd
- Biology, Medicine
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 27 March 2007
Paleontologists typically treat major episodes of extinction as single and distinct events in which a major environmental perturbation results in a synchronous evolutionary response. Alternatively,… Expand