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The grapevine genome sequence suggests ancestral hexaploidization in major angiosperm phyla
TLDR
A high-quality draft of the genome sequence of grapevine is obtained from a highly homozygous genotype, revealing the contribution of three ancestral genomes to the grapevine haploid content and explaining the chronology of previously described whole-genome duplication events in the evolution of flowering plants.
Genome duplication in the teleost fish Tetraodon nigroviridis reveals the early vertebrate proto-karyotype
TLDR
Genome analysis provides a greatly improved fish gene catalogue, including identifying key genes previously thought to be absent in fish, and reconstructs much of the evolutionary history of ancient and recent chromosome rearrangements leading to the modern human karyotype.
Early allopolyploid evolution in the post-Neolithic Brassica napus oilseed genome
TLDR
The polyploid genome of Brassica napus, which originated from a recent combination of two distinct genomes approximately 7500 years ago and gave rise to the crops of rape oilseed, is sequenced.
The banana (Musa acuminata) genome and the evolution of monocotyledonous plants
TLDR
This first monocotyledon high-continuity whole-genome sequence reported outside Poales represents an essential bridge for comparative genome analysis in plants and clarifies commelinid-monocotYledon phylogenetic relationships, reveals Poaceae-specific features and has led to the discovery of conserved non-coding sequences predating monocotinoid–eudicotylingon divergence.
The rainbow trout genome provides novel insights into evolution after whole-genome duplication in vertebrates
TLDR
It is shown that after 100 million years of evolution the two ancestral subgenomes have remained extremely collinear, despite the loss of half of the duplicated protein-coding genes, mostly through pseudogenization.
Global trends of whole-genome duplications revealed by the ciliate Paramecium tetraurelia
TLDR
It is shown that in the unicellular eukaryote Paramecium tetraurelia, a ciliate, most of the nearly 40,000 genes arose through at least three successive whole-genome duplications.
Shifting the limits in wheat research and breeding using a fully annotated reference genome
TLDR
This annotated reference sequence of wheat is a resource that can now drive disruptive innovation in wheat improvement, as this community resource establishes the foundation for accelerating wheat research and application through improved understanding of wheat biology and genomics-assisted breeding.
Eukaryotic plankton diversity in the sunlit ocean
TLDR
Diversity emerged at all taxonomic levels, both within the groups comprising the ~11,200 cataloged morphospecies of eukaryotic plankton and among twice as many other deep-branching lineages of unappreciated importance in plankton ecology studies.
Genome evolution across 1,011 Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolates
TLDR
Whole-genome sequencing and phenotyping of 1,011 natural isolates of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae reveal its evolutionary history, including a single out-of-China origin and multiple domestication events, and provides a framework for genotype–phenotype studies in this model organism.
The Ectocarpus genome and the independent evolution of multicellularity in brown algae
TLDR
The Ectocarpus genome sequence represents an important step towards developing this organism as a model species, providing the possibility to combine genomic and genetic approaches to explore these and other aspects of brown algal biology further.
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