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Genome-wide patterns of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians
Ancient DNA makes it possible to observe natural selection directly by analysing samples from populations before, during and after adaptation events. Here we report a genome-wide scan for selectionExpand
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Complete mitochondrial genome sequence of a Middle Pleistocene cave bear reconstructed from ultrashort DNA fragments
Significance Outside of permafrost, no contiguous DNA sequences have been generated from material older than ∼120,000 y. By improving our ability to sequence very short DNA fragments, we haveExpand
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The first hominin of Europe
The earliest hominin occupation of Europe is one of the most debated topics in palaeoanthropology. However, the purportedly oldest of the Early Pleistocene sites in Eurasia lack precise age controlExpand
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A hominid from the lower Pleistocene of Atapuerca, Spain: possible ancestor to Neandertals and modern humans.
Human fossil remains recovered from the TD6 level (Aurora stratum) of the lower Pleistocene cave site of Gran Dolina, Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain, exhibit a unique combination of cranial, mandibular,Expand
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A mitochondrial genome sequence of a hominin from Sima de los Huesos
Excavations of a complex of caves in the Sierra de Atapuerca in northern Spain have unearthed hominin fossils that range in age from the early Pleistocene to the Holocene. One of these sites, theExpand
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Lower Pleistocene hominids and artifacts from Atapuerca-TD6 (Spain)
Human remains dating to more than 780,000 years ago are associated with a rich faunal and lithic assemblage in the Pleistocene cave site of Gran Dolina (TD), Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain. TheExpand
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Staying out in the cold: glacial refugia and mitochondrial DNA phylogeography in ancient European brown bears
Models for the development of species distribution in Europe typically invoke restriction in three temperate Mediterranean refugia during glaciations, from where recolonization of central andExpand
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Biochronology of Spanish Quaternary small vertebrate faunas
Abstract Thousands of fossils of small vertebrates are recorded in one of the most complete stratigraphic sequences of the continental European Pleistocene, in the Sierra de Atapuerca. This sequence,Expand
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Nuclear DNA sequences from the Middle Pleistocene Sima de los Huesos hominins
A unique assemblage of 28 hominin individuals, found in Sima de los Huesos in the Sierra de Atapuerca in Spain, has recently been dated to approximately 430,000 years ago. An interesting question isExpand
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Earliest humans in Europe: the age of TD6 Gran Dolina, Atapuerca, Spain.
Hominid remains found in 1994 from the stratified Gran Dolina karst-filling at the Atapuerca site in NE Spain were dated to somewhat greater than 780 ka based on palaeomagnetic measurements, makingExpand
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