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Genome-wide patterns of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians
TLDR
A genome-wide scan for selection using ancient DNA is reported, capitalizing on the largest ancient DNA data set yet assembled: 230 West Eurasians who lived between 6500 and 300 bc, including 163 with newly reported data.
Complete mitochondrial genome sequence of a Middle Pleistocene cave bear reconstructed from ultrashort DNA fragments
TLDR
The results prove that authentic ancient DNA can be preserved for hundreds of thousand years outside of permafrost and enable the retrieval of phylogenetically informative sequences from samples in which virtually all DNA is diminished to fragments shorter than 50 bp.
The first hominin of Europe
TLDR
The discovery of a human mandible associated with an assemblage of Mode 1 lithic tools and faunal remains bearing traces of hominin processing in stratigraphic level TE9 at the site of the Sima del Elefante, Atapuerca, Spain emerges as the oldest, most accurately dated record of human occupation in Europe, to the authors' knowledge.
A hominid from the lower Pleistocene of Atapuerca, Spain: possible ancestor to Neandertals and modern humans.
Human fossil remains recovered from the TD6 level (Aurora stratum) of the lower Pleistocene cave site of Gran Dolina, Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain, exhibit a unique combination of cranial, mandibular,
A mitochondrial genome sequence of a hominin from Sima de los Huesos
TLDR
An almost complete mitochondrial genome sequence of a hominin from Sima de los Huesos is determined and it is shown that it is closely related to the lineage leading to mitochondrial genomes of Denisovans, an eastern Eurasian sister group to Neanderthals.
Earliest humans in Europe: the age of TD6 Gran Dolina, Atapuerca, Spain.
TLDR
New ESR and U-series results on teeth from four levels of the Gran Dolina deposit confirm the palaeomagnetic evidence, and indicate that TD6 (from which the human remains have been recovered) dates to the end of the Early Pleistocene, while results for the other levels are consistent with estimates based mainly on microfaunal evidence.
Staying out in the cold: glacial refugia and mitochondrial DNA phylogeography in ancient European brown bears
TLDR
This work proposes continuous gene flow across southern Europe, from which brown bear populations expanded after the last glaciation, and shows a complex phylogeographical history for western European populations.
Nuclear DNA sequences from the Middle Pleistocene Sima de los Huesos hominins
TLDR
It is indicated that the population divergence between Neanderthals and Denisovans predates 430,000 years ago, and a mitochondrial DNA recovered from one of the specimens shares the previously described relationship to Denisovan mitochondrial DNAs, suggesting, among other possibilities, that the mitochondrial DNA gene pool of Neanderthal turned over later in their history.
Clavicles, scapulae and humeri from the Sima de los Huesos site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain).
TLDR
The morphology of the SH hominid shoulder girdle and humeri indicates that much of the shoulder morphology recognized in the later true Neandertal was present in Europe long before they appeared.
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