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Population-based norms for the Mini-Mental State Examination by age and educational level.
Results presented should prove to be useful to clinicians who wish to compare an individual patient's MMSE scores with a population reference group and to researchers making plans for new studies in which cognitive status is a variable of interest.
Prevalence, severity, and unmet need for treatment of mental disorders in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys.
Reallocation of treatment resources could substantially decrease the problem of unmet need for treatment of mental disorders among serious cases and careful consideration needs to be given to the value of treating some mild cases, especially those at risk for progressing to more serious disorders.
Lifetime co-occurrence of DSM-III-R alcohol abuse and dependence with other psychiatric disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey.
The results show that alcohol abuse and dependence are often associated with other lifetime NCS/DSM-III-R disorders and suggest that, at least in recent cohorts, the alcohol use disorders are usually temporally secondary.
Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of mental disorders in the World Health Organization's World Mental Health Survey Initiative.
As many mental disorders begin in childhood or adolescents, interventions aimed at early detection and treatment might help reduce the persistence or severity of primary disorders and prevent the subsequent onset of secondary disorders.
Comparative epidemiology of dependence on tobacco, alcohol, controlled substances, and inhalants: Basic findings from the National Comorbidity Survey.
Basic descriptive findings from new research on the epidemiology of drug dependence syndromes are reported, conducted as part of the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS).
Toward a Global View of Alcohol, Tobacco, Cannabis, and Cocaine Use: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
Background Alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug use cause considerable morbidity and mortality, but good cross-national epidemiological data are limited. This paper describes such data from the first
Propensity score techniques and the assessment of measured covariate balance to test causal associations in psychological research.
The authors give an overview of available techniques for PS estimation and PS application and provide a way to help compare PS techniques, using the resulting measured covariate balance as the criterion for selecting between techniques.
Natural history of Diagnostic Interview Schedule/DSM-IV major depression. The Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area follow-up.
The bimodality of onset suggests the value of further exploring the heterogeneity of depression via its natural history, and reported differences in prevalence between men and women seem to be due to differences in incidence, not chronicity.
Six-month prevalence of psychiatric disorders in three communities 1980 to 1982.
Six-month prevalence rates for selected DSM-III psychiatric disorders are reported based on community surveys in New Haven, Conn, Baltimore, and St Louis based on data gathered on more than 9,000 adults using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule.