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The Geneva-Copenhagen survey of the Solar neighbourhood. Ages, metallicities, and kinematic properti
We present and discuss new determinations of metallicity, rotation, age, kinematics, and Galactic orbits for a com- plete, magnitude-limited, and kinematically unbiased sample of 16 682 nearby F and
First stars V - Abundance patterns from C to Zn and supernova yields in the early Galaxy
In the framework of the ESO Large Programme "First Stars", very high-quality spectra of some 70 very metal-poor dwarfs and giants were obtained with the ESO VLT and UVES spectrograph. These stars are
Accurate masses and radii of normal stars: modern results and applications
This article presents and discusses a critical compilation of accurate, fundamental determinations of stellar masses and radii. We have identified 95 detached binary systems containing 190 stars (94
The Geneva-Copenhagen survey of the solar neighbourhood III. Improved distances, ages, and kinematics
Context. Ages, chemical compositions, velocity vectors, and Galactic orbits for stars in the solar neighbourhood are fundamental test data for models of Galactic evolution. The Geneva-Copenhagen
The Geneva-Copenhagen survey of the Solar neighbourhood II. New uvby calibrations and rediscussion of stellar ages, the G dwarf problem, age-metallicity diagram, and heating mechanisms of the disk
Context. Ages, metallicities, space velocities, and Galactic orbits of stars in the Solar neighbourhood are fundamental observational constraints on models of galactic disk evolution. Understanding
The Geneva–Copenhagen Survey of the Solar Neighbourhood
Abstract We report on a new survey of metallicities, ages, and Galactic orbits for a complete, magnitude-limited, and kinematically unbiased all-sky sample of 16 682 nearby F- and G-dwarfs. Our ∼ 63
First stars. I. The extreme r-element rich, iron-poor halo giant CS 31082-001 - Implications for the r-process site(s) and radioactive cosmochronology
We present a high-resolution (R = 75 000, S/N 500) spectroscopic analysis of the bright (V = 11.7), extreme halo giant CS 31082-001 ((Fe/H) = 2.9), obtained in an ESO-VLT Large Programme dedicated to
First stars VI - Abundances of C, N, O, Li, and mixing in extremely metal-poor giants. Galactic evolution of the light elements
We have investigated the poorly-understood origin of nitrogen in the early Galaxy by determining N abundances from the NH band at 336 nm in 35 extremely metal-poor halo giants, with carbon and oxygen
Limits on the Macho Content of the Galactic Halo from the EROS-2 Survey of the Magellanic Clouds
The EROS-2 project was designed to test the hypothesis that massive compact halo objects (the so-called ''machos'') could be a major component of the dark matter halo of the Milky Way galaxy. To this
Accurate masses and radii of normal stars
SummaryBinary stars are the main source of fundamental data on stellar masses and radii (M, R). Considerable progress has been made in recent years in the quality and quantity of such data, and
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