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Language-specific phoneme representations revealed by electric and magnetic brain responses
TLDR
It is found that the brain's automatic change-detection response, reflected electrically as the mismatch negativity (MMN) was enhanced when the infrequent, deviant stimulus was a prototype relative to when it was a non-prototype (the Estonian /õ/).
Simultaneous administration of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in 53 nations: exploring the universal and culture-specific features of global self-esteem.
TLDR
Although positively and negatively worded items of the RSES were correlated within cultures and were uniformly related to external personality variables, differences between aggregates of positive and negative items were smaller in developed nations.
The Geographic Distribution of Big Five Personality Traits
The Big Five Inventory (BFI) is a self-report measure designed to assess the high-order personality traits of Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness. As part of the
Toward a Geography of Personality Traits
It has long been believed that personality traits vary by geographicallocation, but few studies have examined the worldwide distribution of personality profiles. Using the five-factor model of
Why can't a man be more like a woman? Sex differences in Big Five personality traits across 55 cultures.
TLDR
Overall, higher levels of human development--including long and healthy life, equal access to knowledge and education, and economic wealth--were the main nation-level predictors of larger sex differences in personality.
GWAS of 126,559 Individuals Identifies Genetic Variants Associated with Educational Attainment
TLDR
Three genetic loci are found to explain variation associated with educational achievement and provide promising candidate SNPs for follow-up work, and effect size estimates can anchor power analyses in social-science genetics.
Development of language-specific phoneme representations in the infant brain
TLDR
Here it is demonstrated the development of language-specific 'memory traces' in the brains of the same group of infants between six months and one year of age.
The Attractive Female Body Weight and Female Body Dissatisfaction in 26 Countries Across 10 World Regions: Results of the International Body Project I
TLDR
Results indicated there were significant cross-regional differences in the ideal female figure and body dissatisfaction, but effect sizes were small across high-socioeconomic-status (SES) sites.
Universal sex differences in the desire for sexual variety: tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands.
TLDR
Findings from a cross-cultural survey of 16,288 people across 10 major world regions demonstrate that sex differences in the desire for sexual variety are culturally universal throughout these world regions.
Individualism-Collectivism and Social Capital
Many social scientists have predicted that one inevitable consequence of modernization is the unlimited growth of individualism, which poses serious threats to the organic unity of society. Others
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