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Knowledge of insect diversity in Brazil: challenges and advances.
If truly responsible actions towards preserving biological diversity are to be undertaken nationwide, key problems must be addressed and solved: creation of a national center of information on entomological diversity.
Neotropical Mecoptera (Insecta): New generic synonymies, new combinations, key to families and genera, and checklist of species
Two Neotropical genera of Mecoptera (Thyridates Navas, 1908, Neobittacus Esben–Petersen, 1914 n. syn.) are synonymized under Bittacus Latreille, 1805. The following are new combinations: Bittacus
Arthropods obtained from the Amazonian tree species "Cupiuba" (Goupia glabra) by repeated canopy fogging with natural Pyrethrum
Two canopies of a widely distributed Amazonian tree species, Goupia glabra Aubl. (Celastraceae, height 38 and 45m) were fogged several times with 1% natural pyrethrum during the rainy and dry seasons
Genus Mantillica Westwood, 1889: rediscovery and review of the Amazonian “ant‐mantis” (Mantodea: Thespidae: Oligonicinae)
Remarkable characteristics of Mantillica include the short pronotum and notable myrmecomorphic features in nymphs and females and likely belongs to a Batesian mimic complex that include the aggressive Neoponera apicalis (Latreille) ant models.
A Forensic Entomology Case from the Amazon Rain Forest of Brazil
The first case of application of forensic entomology in the Brazilian Amazonia is described, with corpses of 26 men found in the rainforest in Rondonia State, Brazil, and fly larvae collected during autopsy identified as Paralucilia fulvinota (Diptera, Calliphoridae).
A Unique Box in 28S rRNA Is Shared by the Enigmatic Insect Order Zoraptera and Dictyoptera
A secondary structure model of the complete 28S rRNAs of insects was reconstructed and it was found that one length-variable region, D3-4, is particularly distinctive and can serve as potentially valuable autapomorphy or synapomarphy in phylogeny reconstruction.
Attraction of Chagas disease vectors (Triatominae) to artificial light sources in the canopy of primary Amazon rainforest.
Effective Chagas disease prevention in Amazonia will require integrating entomological surveillance with the currently used epidemiological surveillance, and triatomines are likely to be involved in disease transmission.
A New Species of Zorotypus from Central Amazonia, Brazil (Zoraptera: Zorotypidae)
A new species of zorapteran (Polyneoptera): Zorotypus amazonensis Rafael and Engel is described and figured from alates and apterous individuals captured in Central Amazonia, Brazil and the homology and phylogenetic implications of cepahlic and wing venational traits are discussed.
Taxonomy of the Brazilian species previously placed in Mantispa Illiger, 1798 (Neuroptera: Mantispidae), with the description of three new species
The status of Brazilian Mantispidae (Neuroptera) species originally placed in the Old World genus Mantispa Illiger, 1798 are updated and the illustrated key to subfamilies, genera and species is provided.
Aquatic Insects from the Caatinga: checklists and diversity assessments of Ubajara (Ceará State) and Sete Cidades (Piauí State) National Parks, Northeastern Brazil
Rarefaction curves based on quantitative light trap samples suggest a much higher expected species richness of aquatic insects at Sete Cidades than at Ubajara National Park, possibly due to structural differences of water bodies sampled in each park.