J-t Cheng

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Previous in vivo studies from our laboratory have consistently shown that iontophoretically applied norepinephrine (NE) can potentiate gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced depressant responses of cerebrocortical, cerebellar and hypothalamic neurons. Additional experiments have further suggested that this noradrenergic facilitating action is specific for(More)
Many previous studies have examined the effects of norepinephrine (NE) on neuronal responsiveness to synaptic inputs and putative transmitter substances and have described differential depressant actions of NE on stimulus evoked versus spontaneous discharge such that the "signal to noise" ratio of threshold responses was increased. In the present studies,(More)
The present studies were conducted as part of an ongoing investigation of the effects of norepinephrine (NE) in neuronal circuits of the mammalian brain. In this report, we describe noradrenergic actions in the lateral hypothalamus (LH), an area which has been implicated in the central integration of cardiovascular regulatory mechanisms, fluid balance and(More)
Localized lesions or local applications of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the nucleus reticularis tegmenti pontis (NRTP) of rats cause rapidly accelerating forward locomotion. Such "festination" can coexist with blockade of the dopamine system. We suggest that (i) the akinesia produced by dopamine deficiency results at least in part from release of(More)
Focal application of 5 micrograms of morphine sulfate to the nucleus reticularis tegmenti pontis (NRTP) in rats reversed the akinesia induced by 5 mg/kg systemic haloperidol or 40 mg/kg systemic morphine and released festinating forward locomotion. gamma-Aminobutyric acid (200 micrograms) applied to this nucleus also reversed such akinesia. Intraventricular(More)
Little information is available concerning the modulation of cardiac function by beta-adrenergic agonists in early-stage embryonic mammalian heart. We have examined the effects of isoproterenol (Iso) on the spontaneous beating rate and action potential (AP) configuration in embryonic mouse hearts at 9.5 days postcoitum (dpc), just 1 day after they started(More)
The preceding studies demonstrated that norepinephrine (NE) can consistently augment synaptically mediated (70%) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced (69%) inhibitory responses of lateral hypothalamic (LH) neurons in vivo. The present experiments further characterized the interactions of NE with LH neuronal responses to GABA in terms of alpha- and(More)
Although carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in tumor microenvironments have a critical role in immune cell modulation, their effects on the generation of regulatory dendritic cells (DCs) are still unclear. In this study, we initially show that CAFs derived from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumors facilitate the generation of regulatory DCs, which are(More)
OBJECTIVE The frequency-dependent effects of MS-551 on the action potential duration (APD) and the underlying ionic mechanisms were investigated in comparison with those of E-4031. METHODS Whole-cell clamp techniques were used to study action potentials and ionic currents in enzymatically isolated rabbit ventricular myocytes. RESULTS The(More)