J l Pecarrére

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Confirmed cases of chromoblastomycosis in Madagascar from 1955 through 1994 were studied retrospectively. The total number of cases reported was 1,343, of which 98.5% were confirmed by histopathology. Only 30.8% of the cases showed a positive cultivation on mycologic media, and Fonsecaea pedrosoi was identified from 61.8% of the fungal strains. Two distinct(More)
In an open trial, long courses (6-12 months) of terbinafine at a dosage of 500 mg/day were administered orally to 43 patients with a diagnosis of chromomycosis. Sixteen patients (37.2%) had previously relapsed after one or two courses of thiabendazole. A spectacular improvement in the lesions, including disappearance of bacterial superinfections and of(More)
Madagascar is the principal area of endemic chromomycosis in the world with 1 400 cases registered from 1955 to 1996. Malignant transformation is rare and only 12 cases have been reported. We describe herein two new cases of squamous carcinoma arising from chronic lesions of chromomycosis. These carcinomas which develop slowly and are non invasive, are(More)
A total of 345 serum samples from pregnant Nigerian women were tested for the presence of anti-rubella antibodies. A technique of inhibition of haemagglutination was used and 40 or more was considered as a positive titer. Rubella antibodies were found in 244 (70.7%) of the samples. These results are quite similar to those from other west African surveys.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) etiology and incidence in Madagascar are not well established. The work presented here is the first documented study on HCC in Madagascar. The study was undertaken at the Centre Hospitalier de Soavinandriana, Antananarivo, from October 1995 to October 1996. Hepatocellular carcinoma was reported in 19 out of 22 patients with(More)
Female genital schistosomiasis, FGS, was investigated in a gynaecological study as part of an overall community based morbidity survey, including parasitological and ultrasonographical examination, of a Schistosoma haematobium endemic area in Madagascar. Women (103), of childbearing age (15-49 years), were included for a gynaecological examination and(More)
For 25,368 serologies examined in the biological laboratory of National Hospital of Niamey, Niger, from March 1987 to May 1990, the authors studied seroprevalence HIV1, HIV2 and HIV1 + HIV2 during this periode in the different groups studied: Blood donors, in women patients of child bearing age, pregnant women, prostitutes, prisoners and during systematic(More)
The prevalence of Toxoplasma antibodies was studied in 2,354 individuals in Tananarive, at the Institut Pasteur of Madagascar. The seroprevalence among the malagasy population amounts to 52.1%. At the age of 10 years old, 36.3% of our sample have already acquired toxoplasma antibodies, proving an early infection. No differences have been observed between(More)
Schistosomiasis mansoni is a widespread tropical disease affecting about 200 million people in the world (data from the World Health Organization). The adult worms, settled in the mesenteric venous plexus, can survive in the host during 5 to 20 years. They evade the immune response and are not, by themselves, the main cause of the pathological events. Most(More)