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MOTIVATION In order to facilitate a systematic study of the promoters and transcriptionally regulatory cis-elements of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae on a genomic scale, we have developed a comprehensive yeast-specific promoter database, SCPD. RESULTS Currently SCPD contains 580 experimentally mapped transcription factor (TF) binding sites and 425(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS FTO harbours the strongest known obesity-susceptibility locus in Europeans. While there is growing evidence for a role for FTO in obesity risk in Asians, its association with type 2 diabetes, independently of BMI, remains inconsistent. To test whether there is an association of the FTO locus with obesity and type 2 diabetes, we conducted a(More)
The distance to uncontrollability for a linear control system is the distance (in the 2-norm) to the nearest uncontrollable system. We present an algorithm based on methods of Gu and Burke–Lewis–Overton that estimates the distance to uncontrollability to any prescribed accuracy. The new method requires O(n 4) operations on average, which is an improvement(More)
The views in this paper are solely the responsibility of the authors and should not be interpreted as reflecting the views of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, or the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Abstract. This paper studies the empirical relevance of temptation and self-control using(More)
Phytohormones are indispensable factors regulating plant cell dedifferentiation. In this paper, different concentrations of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and kinetin (KIN) were incorporated in the culture medium and the anatomy of dedifferentiated cells prior to callus formation from Arabidopsis thaliana petiole explants was examined. The results(More)
—In this letter, a new miniaturized broadband 3-dB branch-line coupler at the center frequency of 880 MHz is proposed. The proposed coupler is designed by means of integrated miniaturization method, which consists of shunt capacitors, fractal geometry and equivalent miniaturized stubs, to achieve 82% size reduction compared with the referenced coupler. The(More)
In this paper we develop a new superfast solver for Toeplitz systems of linear equations. To solve Toeplitz systems many people use displacement equation methods. With displacement structures, Toeplitz matrices can be transformed into Cauchy-like matrices using the FFT or other trigonometric transformations. These Cauchy-like matrices have a special(More)
For classical waves such as light or sound, diffraction sets a natural limit on how finely the details of an object can be recorded on its image. Recently, various optical superlenses based on the metamaterials concept have shown the possibility of overcoming the diffraction limit 1–7. Similar two-dimensional (2D) acoustic hyperlens designs have also been(More)