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The SPIDER system has evolved into a comprehensive tool set for image processing, making use of modern graphics interfacing in the VMS and UNIX environment. SPIDER and WEB handle the complementary tasks of batch processing and visualization of the results. The emphasis of the SPIDER system remains in the area of single particle averaging and reconstruction,(More)
The therapeutic effect of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) was evaluated among 15 APL patients at relapse after all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) induced and chemotherapy maintained complete remission (CR). As2O3 was administered intravenously at the dose of 10 mg/d. Clinical CR was achieved in nine of 10 (90%)(More)
We examined the expression, activation, and cellular localization of caspase-3 (CPP32) using immunohistochemistry, immunoblots, and cleavage of the fluorogenic substrate N-benzyloxycarbonyl-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-7-amino-4-trifluoromethyl coumarin (zDEVD-afc) in adult mouse brain after temporary (2 hr) middle cerebral artery occlusion produced by filament(More)
Extracellular adenosine critically modulates ischemic brain injury, at least in part through activation of the A(1) adenosine receptor. However, the role played by the A(2A) receptor has been obscured by intrinsic limitations of A(2A) adenosinergic agents. To overcome these pharmacological limitations, we explored the consequences of deleting the A(2A)(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of perampanel 2, 4, and 8 mg/day added to 1-3 concomitant antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in patients with uncontrolled partial-onset seizures. METHODS During this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, patients with persisting seizures on 1-3 AEDs were randomized to perampanel 2, 4, and 8 mg/day or placebo(More)
The oncogenes RAS and RAF came to view as agents of neoplastic transformation. However, in normal cells, these genes can have effects that run counter to oncogenic transformation, such as arrest of the cell division cycle, induction of cell differentiation, and apoptosis. Recent work has demonstrated that RAS elicits proliferative arrest and senescence in(More)
Cryoelectron microscopy provides the means of studying macromolecules in their native state. However, the contrast transfer function (CTF) makes the images and the three-dimensional (3D) maps derived from them difficult to interpret. We developed methods to determine the CTF from experimental data and to obtain a CTF-corrected 3D reconstruction. The CTF(More)
Recent clinical studies in China showed that As2O3 is an effective and relatively safe drug in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). We found previously that As2O3 can trigger apoptosis of APL cell line NB4 cells, which is associated with downregulation of bcl-2 gene expression and modulation of PML-RAR alpha chimeric protein. To further(More)
It has been shown recently in China that arsenic trioxide (As2O3) is a very effective treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). APL patients resistant to all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and conventional chemotherapy can still respond to AS2O3. In this study, we addressed the possible cellular and molecular mechanisms of this treatment by using NB4(More)
A doubled haploid population of 123 lines from IR64/Azucena was used to dissect the developmental behavior and genotype by environment interaction for plant height by conditional and unconditional quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping methods in rice. It was shown that the number of QTL detected was different at various measuring stages. Some QTL could be(More)