J. Z. Dalgaard

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The fission yeast clade--comprising Schizosaccharomyces pombe, S. octosporus, S. cryophilus, and S. japonicus--occupies the basal branch of Ascomycete fungi and is an important model of eukaryote biology. A comparative annotation of these genomes identified a near extinction of transposons and the associated innovation of transposon-free centromeres.(More)
The developmental program of cell-type switching of S. pombe requires a strand-specific imprinting event at the mating-type locus (mat1). Imprinting occurs only when mat1 is replicated in a specific direction and requires several trans-acting factors. This work shows (1) that the factors swi1p and swi3p act by pausing the replication fork at the imprinting(More)
Structure chromosome (SMC) proteins organize the core of cohesin, condensin and Smc5-Smc6 complexes. The Smc5-Smc6 complex is required for DNA repair, as well as having another essential but enigmatic function. Here, we generated conditional mutants of SMC5 and SMC6 in budding yeast, in which the essential function was affected. We show that mutant smc5-6(More)
The Swi1 and Swi3 proteins are required for mat1 imprinting and mating-type switching in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, where they mediate a pause of leading-strand replication in response to a lagging-strand signal. In addition, Swi1 has been demonstrated to be involved in the checkpoint response to stalled replication forks, as was described for the(More)
The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe normally has haploid cells of two mating types, which differ at the chromosomal locus mat1. After two consecutive asymmetric cell divisions, only one in four 'grand-daughter' cells undergoes a 'mating-type switch', in which genetic information is transferred to mat1 from the mat2-P or mat3-M donor loci. This(More)
Mating-type switching in fission yeast depends on an imprint at the mat1 locus. Previous data showed that the imprint is made in the DNA strand replicated as lagging. We now identify this imprint as an RNase-sensitive modification and suggest that it consists of one or two RNA residues incorporated into the mat1 DNA. Formation of the imprint requires swi1-(More)
The LAGLIDADG and HNH families of site-specific DNA endonucleases encoded by viruses, bacteriophages as well as archaeal, eucaryotic nuclear and organellar genomes are characterized by the sequence motifs 'LAGLIDADG' and 'HNH', respectively. These endonucleases have been shown to occur in different environments: LAGLIDADG endonucleases are found in inteins,(More)
Mating-type switching in Schizosaccharomyces pombe involves a strand-specific, alkali-labile imprint at the mat1 (mating-type) locus. The imprint is synthesized during replication in a swi1, swi3, and polymerase alpha (swi7) dependent manner and is dependent on mat1 being replicated in a specific direction. Here we show that the direction of replication at(More)
Failures in DNA replication are a potent force for driving genome instability. The proteins which form the replisome, the DNA replication machinery, play a fundamental role in preventing replicative catastrophes. The Tim (TIMELESS/TIMEOUT) and Tipin proteins are two conserved replisome associated proteins which have functions in preventing replication fork(More)