J-Yves Parlange

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A diffusion model for phloem swelling and contraction is proposed in which the rate of water movement changes markedly with moisture content. Good agreement between the actual swelling of the phloem of cotton stems and that predicted by the model was obtained. This result implies that water moves more readily into the phloem when it becomes wetter. This(More)
The forced convection of heat from reed (Phragmites communis) leaves was observed in their natural environment. The leaves were painted with liquid crystals, which displayed or indicated their temperature without any interference with natural air flow. Temperature differences as large as 15 C were observed between the leading and trailing edges of the(More)
Though runoff from manure spread fields is recognized as an important mode of nonpoint-source pollution, there are no models that mechanistically describe transport from a field-spread manure-type source. A mechanistic, physically based model for pollutant release from a surface source, such as field-spread manure, was hypothesized, laboratory tested, and(More)
When oocysts of the protozoan Cryptosporidium parvum contaminate drinking water supplies, they can cause outbreaks of Cryptosporidiosis, a common waterborne disease. Of the different pathways by which oocysts can wind up in drinking water, one has received little attention to date; that is, because soils are often considered to be perfect filters, the(More)
Particles are blown from leaves when the wind at the height of the particles exceeds a minimum which is about 5 m/sec for some fungal spores. In the moderate winds typical within a canopy of leaves, the minimum is attained at spore height during brief changes in wind or puffs before the boundary layer grows to particle height. The requisite change in speed(More)
Spectral confocal microscope visualizations of microsphere movement in unsaturated porous media showed that attachment at the Air Water Solid (AWS) interface was an important retention mechanism. These visualizations can aid in resolving the functional form of retention rates of colloids at the AWS interface. In this study, soil adsorption isotherm(More)
Availability of weather data at finer timescales such as hourly is vital in the application of dynamic physical and biological models. In this study, we have examined the suitability of various approaches (deterministic periodic versus stochastic) of disaggregating daily weather data into hourly data in the Cedar Creek watershed, TX, USA. We found the(More)