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Nasal physiology is dependent on the physical structure of the nose. Individual aspects of the nasal cavity such as the geometry and flow rate collectively affect nasal function such as the filtration of foreign particles by bringing inspired air into contact with mucous-coated walls, humidifying and warming the air before it enters the lungs and the sense(More)
Aspiration efficiencies from nose and mouth inhalations are investigated at low and high inhalation rates by using the commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software CFX 11. A realistic human head with detailed facial features was constructed. Facial features were matched to represent the 50th percentile of a human male, aged between 20 and 65 years(More)
Numerical simulation is performed to demonstrate that hemodynamic factors are significant determinants for the development of a vascular pathology. Experimental measurements by particle image velocimetry are carried out to validate the credibility of the computational approach. We present a study for determining complex flow structures using the case of an(More)
BACKGROUND This study characterizes the distribution and components of plaque structure by presenting a three-dimensional blood-vessel modelling with the aim of determining mechanical properties due to the effect of lipid core and calcification within a plaque. Numerical simulation has been used to answer how cap thickness and calcium distribution in lipids(More)
Added-mass instability is known to be an important issue in the partitioned approach for fluid-structure interaction (FSI) solvers. Despite the implementation of the implicit approach, convergence of solution can be difficult to achieve. Relaxation may be applied to improve this implicitness of the partitioned algorithm, but this commonly leads to a(More)
This study investigated fluid and structural responses to pulsatile non-Newtonian blood flow through a stenosed artery, using ANSYS. The artery was modeled as an axis-symmetric stenosed vessel. The wall of the vessel was set to be isotropic and elastic. The blood behavior was described by the Power Law and Carreau non-Newtonian models, respectively. When(More)
Most of the cardiac abnormalities have an implication on hemodynamics and affect cardiovascular health. Diagnostic imaging modalities such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging provide excellent anatomical information on myocardial structures, but fail to show the cardiac flow and detect heart defects in vivo condition. The computerized(More)
Anatomically precise geometric models of human airways and arterial vessels play a critical role in the analysis of air and blood flows in human bodies. The established geometric modelling methods become invalid when the model consists of bronchioles or small vessels. This paper presents a new method for reconstructing the entire airway tree and carotid(More)
Knowledge regarding particle deposition processes in the nasal cavity is important in aerosol therapy and inhalation toxicology applications. This paper presents a comparative study of the deposition of micron and submicron particles under different steady laminar flow rates using a Lagrangian approach. A computational model of a nasal cavity geometry was(More)
This article is a review of the book " Methods in Research and Development of Biomedical Devices " (ISBN: 9789814434997, 98USD/65GBP, 177 pages) edited by The content of the book and its importance for biomedical engineering have been discussed in this invited review. Sun and Dr. Don W Dissanayake. The book is published in hardcover and consists of 177(More)