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Motor evoked potentials (MEP) were recorded in 23 patients with definite relapsing multiple sclerosis before and after treatment with a short course of high dose of methylprednisolone. MEP were performed together with clinical examination just before treatment, and 6 and 60 days later. The following results were observed: (1) a statistically significant(More)
BACKGROUND In the early course of severe head trauma, the clinical value of intrathecal administration of baclofen to reduce autonomic disorders and spasticity has not been established. METHODS We studied four patients (Glasgow Coma Scale score 3 or 4) with autonomic disorders and spasticity who failed to respond to conventional treatment during the early(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency and the functional consequences of varus equinus in stabilized vascular hemiplegia. METHODS Prospective cohort study of 86 hemiplegic patients. All patients consecutively admitted for a first hemispheral stroke between July 2001 and January 2002 were included. The evaluation consisted in a clinical examination and a(More)
BACKGROUND In France, tetanus is diagnosed predominantly in the elderly due to the absence of vaccination in this population. Mortality remains high and is mainly related to complications secondary to prolonged hospitalization, intravenous administration of benzodiazepines, and at times curares. Baclofen, a selective agonist of GABAB receptors, directly(More)
Evoked motor potentials can be elicited by magnetic cortical or electric spinal stimulations. The central conduction time (CCT) corresponds to the difference in latencies between the total conduction time (from cortex to muscle) and the peripheral conduction time (from spinal cord to muscle). CCT is the sum of the conduction time in the cortico-spinal(More)
The compiling of a predictive clinical scoring system for the risk of a false passage (FP) has its origins in the limitations of tests which explore only the cough reflex, known to be absent or faulty in 40% of patients investigated for problems of deglutition. A raised clinical score is based on the results of an exhaustive prospective study of 140(More)
Ulnar nerve electrical stimulations from motor roots to wrist were used in the early Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), to improve the electrophysiological diagnosis yield. 22 patients with a GBS were investigated with this technique between 3 to 17 days after the onset. Conventional electrophysiological examination was sufficient to diagnose an Acute(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive neurological disease of unknown etiology and fatal outcome. Patient management can be aided by careful assessment of prognostic factors. A prospective study of 158 patients was carried out to examine the prognostic significance of age and clinical form at onset. The overall 5-year survival rate was 14.7%. The(More)