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The number of available protein sequences has increased exponentially with the advent of high-throughput genomic sequencing, creating a significant challenge for functional annotation. Here, we describe a large-scale study on assigning function to unknown members of the trans-polyprenyl transferase (E-PTS) subgroup in the isoprenoid synthase superfamily,(More)
The eEF1Alpha-2 gene (S1) encodes a tissue-specific isoform of peptide elongation factor-1A (eEF1A-1); its mRNA is expressed only in brain, heart, and skeletal muscle, tissues dominated by terminally differentiated, long-lived cells. Homozygous mutant mice exhibit muscle wasting and neurodegeneration, resulting in death around postnatal day 28.(More)
The vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectra of the two enantiomers of a chiral molecule are of equal magnitude and opposite sign: i.e. mirror-image enantiomers give mirror-image VCD spectra. In principle, the absolute configuration (AC) of a chiral molecule can therefore be determined from its VCD spectrum. In practice, the determination of the AC of a(More)
A new complex iridoid, prismatomerin (1), has been isolated from the leaves of Prismatomeris tetrandra, together with the known glucoside gaertneroside (4). The structures of 1 and 4 were determined by spectroscopic analysis, notably 2D NMR techniques. The (1R,5S,8S,9S,10S)-(-) absolute configuration of prismatomerin (1) was determined by comparison of the(More)
Octaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase (OPPs) catalyzes the sequential condensation of five molecules of isopentenyl pyrophosphate with farnesyl pyrophosphate to generate all-trans C40-octaprenyl pyrophosphate, which constitutes the side chain of ubiquinone. Due to the slow product release, a long-chain polyprenyl pyrophosphate synthase often requires detergent(More)
Isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase (IDI) catalyzes the interconversion of isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP), the basic five-carbon building blocks of isoprenoid molecules. Two structurally unrelated classes of IDIs are known. Type I IPP isomerase (IDI-1) utilizes a divalent metal in a protonation-deprotonation reaction. In(More)
The development of density functional theory (DFT) methods for the calculation of vibrational circular dichroism (VCD), electronic circular dichroism (ECD), and transparent spectral region optical rotation (OR) has revolutionized the determination of the absolute configurations (ACs) of chiral molecules using these chiroptical properties. We report the(More)
Squalene (SQ) is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of sterols in eukaryotes and a few bacteria and of hopanoids in bacteria where they promote membrane stability and the formation of lipid rafts in their hosts. The genes for hopanoid biosynthesis are typically located on clusters that consist of four highly conserved genes-hpnC, hpnD, hpnE, and hpnF-for(More)
A new highly cytotoxic iridoid has very recently been isolated from Prismatomeris tetrandra and shown to have the structure 3, similar to that of the iridoid oruwacin, 2. We report the determination of the absolute configuration (AC) of the new iridoid, prismatomerin, using vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectroscopy. The VCD spectrum of the acetate(More)
The development of density functional theory (DFT) methods for the calculation of vibrational circular dichroism (VCD), electronic circular dichroism (ECD), and transparent spectral region optical rotation (OR) has revolutionized the determination of the absolute configurations (ACs) of chiral molecules using these chiroptical properties. We report the(More)