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The larva of the tiger beetle Cicindela chinensis is an ambushing hunter with a body length of 15-22 mm that lives in a tunnel in the ground. It ambushes prey, keeping its head horizontal at the opening of the tunnel. When prey approaches the tunnel, the larva jumps to snap at it. When an object moves beyond its jumping range (approximately 15 mm), however,(More)
Intracellular responses of medulla neurons (second-order visual interneurons) have been examined in the tiger beetle larva. The larva possesses six stemmata on either side of the head, two of which are much larger than the remaining four. Beneath the cuticle housing the stemmata an optic neuropil complex occurs consisting of lamina and medulla neuropils.(More)
The morphology of visual interneurons in the tiger beetle larva was identified after recording their responses. Stained neurons were designated as either medulla or protocerebral neurons according to the location of their cell bodies. Medulla neurons were further subdivided into three groups. Afferent medulla neurons extended processes distally in the(More)
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