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Plant ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGP) is a heterotetrameric enzyme composed of two large and two small subunits. Here, we report the structures of the maize (Zea mays) genes encoding AGP small subunits of leaf and endosperm. Excluding exon 1, protein-encoding sequences of the two genes are nearly identical. Exon 1 coding sequences, however, possess no(More)
In biliary passages, Clonorchis sinensis causes epithelial hyperplasia and is assumed to promote carcinogenesis. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is an antioxidant enzyme involved in phase II defense in trematodes. A clone (pcsGSTM1) encoding a GST was identified by screening a C. sinensis cDNA library with a PCR-synthesized cDNA probe. The predicted amino(More)
Quercetin, a widely distributed bioflavonoid, has been shown to induce growth inhibition in certain cancer cell types. In the present study we have pursued the mechanism of growth inhibition in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. Quercetin treatment resulted in the accumulation of cells specifically at G2/M phase of the cell cycle. Mitotic index measured by(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Therapeutic guidelines have not yet been established for low-grade gastric adenomas/dysplasias (LGD), which have a low risk of progression to high-grade adenomas/dysplasias (HGD) or to invasive carcinomas. This study aimed to evaluate risk factors for HGD/carcinoma that indicate a need for resection in biopsy-proven LGD lesions. (More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare CT and MRI at 0.5 T in the preoperative staging of uterine cervical cancer in a large series of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ninety-nine patients with uterine cervical carcinoma underwent CT, MRI, and surgical exploration. RESULTS Both CT and MR findings were compared using surgical-pathologic findings(More)
BACKGROUND Cells that express bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) can now be prepared by transduction with adenovirus containing BMP-2 cDNA. Skeletal muscle tissue contains cells that differentiate into osteoblasts on stimulation with BMP-2. The objectives of this study were to prepare BMP-2-expressing muscle-derived cells by transduction of these cells(More)
We compared the expression profiles of the mRNAs of both estrogen receptors, ER-alpha and the recently cloned ER-beta, in the midgestational human fetus by semiquantitative RT-PCR. ER-alpha was most abundant in the uterus, and smaller quantities were detected in the ovary, testis, skin and gut. High amounts of ER-beta mRNA were present in fetal ovaries,(More)
RNA components have been identified in preparations of RNase P from a number of eucaryotic sources, but final proof that these RNAs are true RNase P subunits has been elusive because the eucaryotic RNAs, unlike the procaryotic RNase P ribozymes, have not been shown to have catalytic activity in the absence of protein. We previously identified such an RNA(More)
Concatenated sequences from the plastid-encoded RuBisCo spacer and nuclear-encoded rDNA ITS region of the Alariaceae, Laminariaceae, and Lessoniaceae as currently recognized were used to determine the phylogeny of kelps (Phaeophyceae). Our analyses indicate that all taxa in the Alariaceae, Laminariaceae, and Lessoniaceae form a monophyletic lineage (the(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether exercise at low intensity (LO; 50% of peak VO2) or high intensity (HI; 85% of peak VO2) results in improvement of the ventilatory threshold (VT), 186 men with coronary artery disease (CAD) were enrolled in an exercise study for 1 year. METHODS A symptom-limited exercise test was performed at baseline and the heart rate(More)