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Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) plays a regulatory role in apoptosis, necrosis and other cellular processes after injury. Status epilepticus (SE) induces neuronal and astroglial death that show regional-specific patterns in the rat hippocampus and piriform cortex (PC). Thus, we investigated whether PARP1 regulates the differential neuronal/glial(More)
In the present study, we investigated whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is associated with neuronal- and astroglial-death in the hippocampus using LiCl-pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE) rat model. Glucose-related protein (GRP) 78 and protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) expressions were transiently increased in CA1 neurons and dentate granule(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is formed by the endothelial cells with specialized tight junctions (TJs) lining the blood vessels and astroglial endfeet surrounding the blood vessels. Although BBB disruption during brain insults leads to vasogenic edema as one of the primary steps in the epileptogenic process, little is known about the molecular and(More)
Azithromycin is effective for the remission of cyclosporine A-induced gingival overgrowth (CIGO) in persons who have undergone renal transplant. To explain its mechanism in alleviating the clinical symptoms of these individuals, we examined the effect of azithromycin on cell proliferation and collagen turnover modified by cyclosporin A in human gingival(More)
BACKGROUND Stathmin1 is a microtubule-regulating protein that has an important role in the assembly and disassembly of the mitotic spindle. The roles of stathmin1 in carcinogenesis of various cancers, including prostate and breast cancer, have been explored. However, its expression and roles in gastric cancer have not yet been described. METHODS Stathmin1(More)
In the present study, we addressed the question of whether the distinct patterns of heat shock protein (HSP) 70 and HSP90 expressions in the brain region represents the regional specific responses to status epilepsticus (SE) in an effort to better understand the role of HSPs in epileptogenic insult. HSP70 immunoreactivity was increased in CA3 pyramidal(More)
Although abnormalities in course and geometry (tortuosity, kinking, and coiling) of the internal carotid arteries (ICA) are commonly identified, their etiology and relationship with stroke and stroke risk factors remain unclear This study assessed the clinical and ultrasonographic features of the patients with abnormalities in course and geometry of the(More)
We investigate high-Q, small mode volume photonic crystal nanobeam cavities using a curved, tapered optical microfiber loop. The strength of the coupling between the cavity and the microfiber loop is shown to depend on the contact position on the nanobeam, angle between the nanobeam and the microfiber, and polarization of the light in the fiber. The results(More)
A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (C-ELISA) using a baculovirus-expressed recombinant nucleocapsid protein antigen (rNDV-N) and an rNDV-N-specific monoclonal antibody (5B3) was developed for the detection of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) antibodies, and its diagnostic performance was evaluated. The specificity and sensitivity of the C-ELISA(More)
In the present study, we addressed the question of whether the up-regulation of laminin expression represents the astroglio-vascular responses to status epilepticus (SE) in the rat brain to better understand the role of vasogenic edema in epileptogenic insult. In the hippocampus, vasogenic edema was observed in the hippocampus 12h after SE when astroglial(More)