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ABSTRACTThe genes involved in signal transduction are major candidates in association studies on affective disorders and responses to antidepressants. We investigated whether the C825T polymorphism of the β3 subunit of G protein (GNB3) gene is associated with the symptom severity or treatment response of major depressive disorders (MDDs) in a Korean sample(More)
We investigated the efficacy of a 4-wk supplementation of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) as free fatty acid (FFA) or triacylglycerol (TG) on serum leptin concentration, body-fat accumulation, and mitochondrial beta-oxidation in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats. A significant reduction of serum leptin concentration (42%) and a decrease in the(More)
The effects of dietary alpha-linolenic, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids on the enzyme activities related to hepatic lipogenesis and beta-oxidation were compared under constant polyunsaturated/monounsaturated/saturated fatty acids and n-6/n-3 ratios of dietary fats in rats. Dietary fat containing linoleic acid as the sole polyunsaturated fatty(More)
Casein kinase II (CKII) usually exists as a heterotetramer with alpha 2 beta 2, alpha alpha'beta 2, or alpha'2 beta 2. The alpha or alpha' subunits catalyze protein phosphorylation, whereas the function of the beta subunit remains unclear. One of the possible functions of the beta subunit may be to mediate the interaction of the catalytic subunit with(More)
We investigated transacting factors binding to the cis-element important in tissue-specific expression of the human glucose transporter type 2 isoform (GLUT2) gene. By transient transfection assay, we determined that the 227-base pair fragment upstream of the ATG start site contained promoter activity and that the region from +87 to +132 (site C) was(More)
Objective:Evodiamine (evo) has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and anticancer effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of evo alone and in combination with rosiglitazone (rosi) on in vitro adipocyte differentiation and in vivo obesity related to diabetes.Methods:Adipocyte differentiation was investigated in vitro using(More)
The effect of dietary hesperetin on the hepatic lipid content and the enzyme activities involved in triacylglycerol (TG) synthesis in rats fed diets with or without 1% orotic acid (OA) was studied. Hepatic TG content was raised by approximately 5-fold after administration of OA for 10 days. The OA-feeding significantly increased the activity of hepatic(More)
Orotic acid is known to cause fatty liver, but it is unclear whether this is caused partly by stimulation of the enzymes for triacylglycerol (TG) synthesis. To understand the change of hepatic TG metabolism in fatty liver induced by orotic acid, we determined the liver tissue TG level and phosphatidate phosphohydrolase (PAP) activity over time in rats fed(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Experimental models showing variable diabetic status are necessary to understand the relationship between diabetes and periodontitis. The streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes model allows control of diabetic status by nicotinamide (NA), which protects against STZ-induced β-cell necrosis. Therefore, we compared diabetic(More)
AIM Fermented milk product containing edible mushroom water extracts (mushroom yogurt; MY) has been reported to have glycaemic control and triglyceride-lowering effects in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats. Here, we investigated how MY-supplemented dietary fibre (10 and 20%, v/w) influences the onset of obesity(More)