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In chronic spinal rats, long-term stimulation of 5-HT receptors with quipazine or 8-OHDPAT by means of daily injection, promotes robust locomotor recovery. The question of a possible potentiation between treatments when applied together was addressed. Daily injections of both 8-OHDPAT and quipazine, were performed for a month in spinal animals. Animals were(More)
After thoracic spinal cord transection, a paraplegic syndrome occurs. Previous data showed that an acute administration of a 5-HT2 agonist (quipazine) could promote motor function recovery in spinal rats. However, continuous subdural perfusion of quipazine via an osmotic pump over 1 month proved to be more effective. The present study was designed to(More)
A complete transection of the spinal cord at a low thoracic level induces a paraplegic syndrome that is accompanied by a loss of spinal cord serotonin content. Former experimental data suggest that the central pattern generator for locomotion, located in the lumbar segments of the spinal cord, might be able to generate rhythmic motor outputs (similar to(More)
The biogenic amine serotonin has been described in the literature as a powerful modulator of the spinal central pattern generator for locomotion. In the present study, we tested whether administration of serotonin or its agonist quipazine could restore motor activity in a model of paraplegia. One to three weeks after a complete transection of the spinal(More)
The tachykinin substance P (SP) is present in the ventral and medial area of the lumbar spinal cord. Its localisation suggests that it could modulate the spinal network for locomotion. We have investigated its effects on motor outputs by applying SP, in vitro, to the lumbosacral segments of an isolated spinal cord of new-born rats. SP was applied to the(More)
An in vitro thoraco-abdominal preparation of the crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) ventral nerve cord was used to study the sites of action and the effects of proctolin and serotonin on the nervous activities of the two abdominal motor systems, namely the swimmeret and the abdominal positioning systems. In this preparation spontaneous motor activity was(More)
Motor activity similar to agonistic behaviour is obtained after dopamine (DA) injection in lobster. Specially vigorous swimmeret beatings are observed and can be compared to the 'in vitro' motor activity elicited by DA superfusion of the isolated abdominal nervous system. DA-immunoreactive neurons stained by monoclonal antibodies in abdominal ganglia may be(More)
This review strives forward at least two goals. First, to take from the literature the arguments demonstrating that hindlimbs locomotion is controlled by a spinal network of neurons (the so-called Central Pattern Generator for locomotion--CPG) known to be able to generate locomotor activity independently of the control of supraspinal nervous structures, as(More)
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