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Mutation of RPE65 can cause severe blindness from birth or early childhood, and RPE65 protein is associated with retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) vitamin A metabolism. Here, we show that Rpe65-deficient mice exhibit changes in retinal physiology and biochemistry. Outer segment discs of rod photoreceptors in Rpe65-/- mice are disorganized compared with those(More)
The visual pigment from the ultraviolet (UV) cone photoreceptor of the tiger salamander has been cloned, expressed, and characterized. The cDNA contains a full-length open reading frame encoding 347 amino acids. The phylogenetic analysis indicates that the highest sequence homology is to the visual pigments in the S group. The UV opsin was tagged at the(More)
The mammalian retina is known to contain two distinct transducins that interact with their respective rod and cone pigments. However, there are no reports of a nonmammalian species having two distinct transducins. In the present study, we report the cloning and cellular localization of two transducin a subunits (G alpha t) from the tiger salamander. Through(More)
PURPOSE Salamander retinas are known to contain at least three cone pigments and two rod pigments. The purpose of this study was to clone and characterize the visual pigments from salamander cones. METHODS cDNA fragments of cone pigments were amplified from a salamander retina cDNA library by PCR using a pair of primers with consensus for visual pigments.(More)
PURPOSE RPE65 is preferentially expressed in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and is essential for retinal function. The purpose of the study was to develop methods for the expression of the protein, determine the accurate molecular weight of this expressed protein, and quantitate the amount of RPE65 in the bovine RPE. METHODS Human RPE65 was(More)
RPE65 is a potential retinoid-processing protein expressed in the retinal pigment epithelium. Mutations in the RPE65 gene have been shown to cause certain inherited retinal dystrophies. Previous studies have shown that salamander cone photoreceptor cells have a unique retinoid processing mechanism which is distinct from that of rods. To determine whether(More)
Metabolic labeling experiments were performed using eukaryotic cells transfected with the human dopamine (DA) transporter cDNA. Autophosphorylation in the presence and absence of the transporter substrate DA, was analyzed. Dopamine transporter (DAT) was phosphorylated in the absence of DA and dephosphorylated in the presence of the substrate. The functional(More)
Both acquired and natural resistance to chemotherapy agents have proved problematic in the treatment of neoplasia. Thymidylate synthase, which catalyzes the synthesis of thymidine precursors, has been shown to be amplified in response to a variety of chemotherapeutic agents. The detection of such amplification could prove beneficial in the development of(More)
PURPOSE Salamander photoreceptor cells have been used widely as models in vision research. However, the salamander opsin genes had not been cloned. The purpose of this study was to clone a salamander rhodopsin and to determine its primary structure and cell type-specific expression. METHODS Using salamander retina RNA as a template and Xenopus(More)
  • L Xu, Z-L Li, +7 authors J Qiu
  • 2009
SUMMARY To compare the effective rates among one week, two week and four week treatment sessions of ozone therapy for lumbar disc herniation to provide a foundation for clinical decision-making. One hundred and eighty-seven lumbar disc herniation patients were divided into three groups, 103 cases for one week, 61 cases for two week and 23 cases for four(More)