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Stress-inducible MICA, a distant homolog of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I, functions as an antigen for gammadelta T cells and is frequently expressed in epithelial tumors. A receptor for MICA was detected on most gammadelta T cells, CD8+ alphabeta T cells, and natural killer (NK) cells and was identified as NKG2D. Effector cells from all(More)
Positron emission tomography of cerebral glucose metabolism in adult human subjects was used to investigate amygdaloid complex (AC) activity associated with the storage of long-term memory for emotionally arousing events. Subjects viewed two videos (one in each of two separate positron emission tomography sessions, separated by 3-7 days) consisting either(More)
The use of small-molecule inhibitors to study molecular components of cellular signal transduction pathways provides a means of analysis complementary to currently used techniques, such as antisense, dominant-negative (interfering) mutants and constitutively activated mutants. We have identified and characterized a small-molecule inhibitor, SU6656, which(More)
Surface waters of the subtropical Sargasso Sea contain dissolved inorganic phosphate (DIP) concentrations of 0.2 to 1.0 nanomolar, which are sufficiently low to result in phosphorus control of primary production. The DIP concentrations in this area (which receives high inputs of iron-rich dust from arid regions of North Africa) are one to two orders of(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) family members are secreted in inactive complexes with a latency-associated peptide (LAP), a protein derived from the N-terminal region of the TGF beta gene product. Extracellular activation of these complexes is a critical but incompletely understood step in regulation of TGF beta function in vivo. We show that(More)
Converging lines of evidence implicate the beta-amyloid peptide (Ass) as causative in Alzheimer's disease. We describe a novel class of compounds that reduce A beta production by functionally inhibiting gamma-secretase, the activity responsible for the carboxy-terminal cleavage required for A beta production. These molecules are active in both 293 HEK cells(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells express cell-surface receptors of the immunoglobulin and C-type lectin superfamilies that recognize major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I peptides and inhibit NK-cell-mediated cytotoxicity. These inhibitory receptors possess ITIM sequences (for immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs) in their cytoplasmic domains(More)
When protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is disrupted by alterations in homeostasis in the ER lumen, eucaryotic cells activate a series of signal transduction cascades that are collectively termed the unfolded protein response (UPR). Here we summarize our current understanding of how the UPR functions upon acute and severe stress. We discuss(More)
p120cas is a tyrosine kinase substrate implicated in ligand-induced receptor signaling through the epidermal growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor, and colony-stimulating factor receptors and in cell transformation by Src. Here we report that p120 associates with a complex containing E-cadherin, alpha-catenin, beta-catenin, and plakoglobin.(More)
TUP1 is recruited to and represses genes that regulate mating, glucose and oxygen use, stress response, and DNA damage. It is shown here that disruption of either TUP1 or histone deacetylase HDA1 causes histone H3/H2B--specific hyperacetylation next to the TUP1 binding site at the stress-responsive ENA1 promoter. It is also shown that TUP1 interacts with(More)