J. William O'connell

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To assess the feasibility of noninvasively imaging the regional distribution of myocardial sympathetic innervation, we evaluated the distribution of sympathetic nerve endings, using 123I metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG), and compared this with the distribution of myocardial perfusion, using 201Tl. Twenty dogs were studied: 11 after regional denervation, and(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves symptoms and the survival rate in patients with advanced heart failure by improving synchrony. However, CRT is not always successful, is costly, and is applied without individualization. There is no specific measure of synchrony. The goal of this study was to analyze new quantitative parameters of(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with the preexcitation syndrome who are undergoing transcatheter or surgical ablation, accurate localization of accessory pathways is critical. Because preexcitation is known to alter ventricular activation sequence and result in focal areas with presystolic contraction, we investigated whether phase analysis applied to(More)
To further characterize the behavior of metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) in the myocardium and to test the hypothesis that the denervated heart would show normal early uptake on MIBG due to non-neuronal localization, we examined the early and late distribution of 123I-labeled MIBG in normal and globally denervated canine and human hearts. Canine hearts were(More)
BACKGROUND Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a heritable arrhythmia syndrome entailing a high risk of sudden cardiac death. Discernment from benign arrhythmia disorders, particularly right ventricular outflow tract ventricular tachycardia (RVOT VT), may be challenging, providing an impetus to explore alternative modalities that may(More)
Adenosine was administered to test the hypothesis that it would maximize preexcitation and facilitate noninvasive localization of accessory pathways in 22 patients with suspected accessory pathway-mediated tachycardias. Twelve-lead electrocardiograms and 2-dimensional echocardiograms were recorded at baseline and during adenosine-augmented ventricular(More)
OBJECTIVES The sympathetic nervous system has profound influences on myocardial function, particularly during ischemia. There is controversy, however, as to whether myocardial ischemia results in damage to myocardial sympathetic nerves coursing through the ischemic territory. To further evaluate these issues, we assessed the acute and chronic effects of(More)
The phase image pattern of blood pool scintigrams was blindly assessed in 11 patients exhibiting conduction through Mahaim pathways, including 6 nodoventricular and 5 fasciculoventricular. These patterns were compared with the phase image findings in normal subjects, patients with left and right bundle branch block in the absence of pre-excitation and(More)
To test the hypothesis that single-photon emission tomography of technetium (Tc) 99m hexakis 2-methoxyisobutyl isonitrile (Tc-MIBI) can accurately measure perfused left ventricular (LV) mass in nonischemic, ischemic, and reperfused myocardium, we acquired Tc-MIBI tomographic images in canines with normally perfused hearts (n = 33) after occlusion of the(More)
OBJECTIVES In an effort to better understand the clinical effects of ventricular tachycardia (VT), we sought to characterize function and conduction during VT in patients. BACKGROUND The image evaluation of VT has been limited by the lack of technical tools and its often-dramatic hemodynamic effect. Objective bedside imaging of VT-induced changes in(More)