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A monoclonal antibody, referred to as 38.13, was obtained by fusing murine myeloma cells with Lewis rat splenocytes sensitized with Daudi cells (human Burkitt lymphoma containing Epstein--Barr virus genome but lacking HLA-A, -B, and -C and beta 2-microglobulin molecules at the cell surface). 38.13 antibody was demonstrated to be a rat IgM. By(More)
The antigen defined by a rat monoclonal antibody directed to a Burkitt lymphoma cell line was identified as globotriaosylceramide [Gal alpha (1 leads to 4)-Gal beta (1 leads to 4)-Glc beta (1 leads to 1)-ceramide]. The antibody demonstrated a strict steric specificity since it did not react with globoisotriaosylceramide [Gal alpha (1 leads to 3)-Gal beta (1(More)
Blood group P1/P2 is a glycolipid antigen system for which the genetic mechanism has not yet been clarified. We analyzed the potential of the cloned Gb3/CD77 synthase to synthesize P1 antigen, because Gb3/CD77 and P1 share a common structure, Galalpha1,4Galbeta1,4Glc (NAc)-. L cell transfectants with Gb3/CD77 synthase cDNA expressed marginal levels of P1 on(More)
The molecular genetic basis of the P histo-blood group system has eluded characterization despite extensive studies of the biosynthesis of the P(1), P, and P(k) glycolipids. The main controversy has been whether a single or two distinct UDP-Gal:Galbeta1-R 4-alpha-galactosyltransferases catalyze the syntheses of the structurally related P(1) and P(k)(More)
Monoclonal antibody 38.13 was raised against the Burkitt lymphoma cell line Daudi and has been previously shown to recognize a globotriaosylceramide (Pk) determinant expressed selectively on Burkitt and a few other B-cell lymphomas. We report here that 38.13 binds to a subset of normal B lymphocytes in germinal centres of secondary lymphoid follicles as(More)
To examine whether globotriaosylceramide (Gb3/CD77) is a receptor for verotoxins (VTs) in vivo, sensitivity of Gb3/CD77 synthase null mutant mice to VT-2 and VT-1 was analyzed. Although wild-type mice died after administration of 0.02 microg of VT-2 or 1.0 microg of VT-1, the mutant mice showed no reaction to doses as much as 100 times that administered to(More)
Gb3/CD77 is a glycolipid antigen, specifically expressed on two different B-cell populations, Burkitt's lymphoma and a subset of tonsillar B-lymphocytes located in germinal centers, which could be the normal counterpart of Burkitt cells. Both Gb3/CD77(+) populations have recently been shown to enter programmed cell death (apoptosis) readily. Here we show(More)
Fas (Apo1/CD95) is a member of the tumour necrosis factor/nerve growth factor receptor superfamily and mediates apoptosis in various cell types (for review sec [1]). Although this apoptotic activity has been clearly related to homeostasis in the immune system and pathological situations in non-lymphoid organs, the Fas signaling pathway remains mostly(More)
Biological functions of globo-series glycosphingolipids are not well understood. In this study, murine cDNAs of two glycosyltransferases responsible for the synthesis of globo-series glycolipids and mRNA expression of those genes were analyzed. Distribution of their products was also analyzed. Murine cDNAs for Gb3/CD77 synthase and Gb4 synthase predicted(More)
We have previously reported that a neutral glycolipid (globotriosylceramide; Gb3) was specifically expressed on Burkitt's lymphoma cells and on a subset of germinal center tonsillar B lymphocytes. Recently the Gb3 molecule was recognized as a new B cell differentiation antigen and now defines the CD77 cluster. Here we report an extensive phenotypic and(More)