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The novel insertion sequence ISS12 plays a key role in the tolerance of Pseudomonas putida S12 to sudden toluene stress. Under normal culturing conditions the P. putida S12 genome contained seven copies of ISS12. However, a P. putida S12 population growing to high cell density after sudden addition of a separate phase of toluene carried eight copies. The(More)
Efficient bioconversion of glucose to phenol via the central metabolite tyrosine was achieved in the solvent-tolerant strain Pseudomonas putida S12. The tpl gene from Pantoea agglomerans, encoding tyrosine phenol lyase, was introduced into P. putida S12 to enable phenol production. Tyrosine availability was a bottleneck for efficient production. The(More)
A Pseudomonas putida S12 strain was constructed that efficiently produced the fine chemical cinnamic acid from glucose or glycerol via the central metabolite phenylalanine. The gene encoding phenylalanine ammonia lyase from the yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides was introduced. Phenylalanine availability was the main bottleneck in cinnamic acid production,(More)
The bioconversion of toluene into 3-methylcatechol was studied as a model system for the production of valuable 3-substituted catechols in general. For this purpose, an improved microbial system for the production of 3-methylcatechol was obtained. Pseudomonas putida strains containing the todC1C2BAD genes involved in the conversion of toluene into(More)
A Pseudomonas putida S12 strain was constructed that is able to convert glucose to p-coumarate via the central metabolite l-tyrosine. Efficient production was hampered by product degradation, limited cellular l-tyrosine availability, and formation of the by-product cinnamate via l-phenylalanine. The production host was optimized by inactivation of fcs, the(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the cellular response of the solvent-tolerant Pseudomonas putida S12 to toluene as the single effector. Proteomic analysis (two-dimensional difference-in-gel-electrophoresis) was used to assess the response of P. putida S12 cultured in chemostats. This approach ensures constant growth conditions, both in the presence and(More)
This report describes a transformation system leading to stable high copy number integration into the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of the astaxanthin-producing yeast Phaffia rhodozyma. A plasmid was constructed that contains the transposon Tn5 encoded kanamycin resistance gene (KmR) fused in frame to the 5'-terminal portion of the Phaffia actin gene. This marker,(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate whether toxic fine chemical production can be improved using the solvent-tolerant Pseudomonas putida S12 in a two-liquid-phase system consisting of aqueous media and a water-immiscible octanol phase with production of 3-methylcatechol from toluene as the model conversion. For this purpose the genes involved in this(More)
Pseudomonas putida MC2 is a solvent-tolerant strain that accumulates 3-methylcatechol. In aqueous media, 10 mM of 3-methylcatechol was produced and production was limited by 3-methylcatechol toxicity to the biocatalyst. Production levels increased by introduction of a second, organic phase that provides the substrate toluene and extracts the product from(More)
Pseudomonas putida strain S12palB1 was constructed that produces p-hydroxybenzoate from renewable carbon sources via the central metabolite l-tyrosine. P. putida S12palB1 was based on the platform strain P. putida S12TPL3, which has an optimised carbon flux towards l-tyrosine. Phenylalanine ammonia lyase (Pal) was introduced for the conversion of l-tyrosine(More)