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Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) is encoded by three mitochondrial and nine nuclear genes. COX deficiency is genetically heterogeneous but current diagnostic methods cannot easily distinguish between mitochondrial and nuclear defects. We hypothesized that there may be differential expression of COX subunits depending on the underlying mutation. COX subunit(More)
The physiological role of huntingtin and the mechanisms by which the expanded CAG repeat in ITI5 and its polyglutamine stretch in mutant huntingtin induce Huntington's disease (HD) are unknown. Several techniques have now demonstrated abnormal metabolism in HD brain; direct measurement of respiratory chain enzyme activities has shown severe deficiency of(More)
Controversy exists as to the clinical importance, cause, and disease specificity of the cytochrome oxidase (CO) activity reduction observed in some patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although it is assumed that the enzyme is present in normal amount in AD, no direct measurements of specific CO protein subunits have been conducted. We measured protein(More)
Mitochondria play a critical role in cellular energy metabolism. The identification of a respiratory chain defect in Parkinson's disease (PD) provides not only a direct link with toxin models of parkinsonism but also insight into the mechanisms involved in etiology and pathogenesis. The presence of the complex I deficiency in PD substantia nigra and(More)
Mutations of the alpha-synuclein gene have been identified in autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD). Transgenic mice overexpressing wild-type human alpha-synuclein develop motor impairments, intraneuronal inclusions and loss of dopaminergic terminals in the striatum. To study the mechanism of action through which mutant alpha-synuclein toxicity is(More)
An out-of-frame mutation of the mitochondrial DNA-encoded subunit I of cytochrome c oxidase (COX) was discovered during investigation of a severe isolated muscle COX deficiency in a patient with motor neuron-like degeneration. The mutation is a heteroplasmic 5-bp microdeletion located in the 5' end of the COI gene, leading to premature termination of the(More)
Several groups have identified mitochondrial complex I deficiency in Parkinson's disease (PD) substantia nigra and in platelets. A search for any mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation underlying this defect has not yet produced any consistent result. We have made use of a mtDNA-less (p0) cell line to determine if the complex I deficiency follows the genomic(More)
The molecular basis of glomerular permselectivity remains largely unknown. The congenital nephrotic syndrome of the Finnish type (CNF) characterized by massive proteinuria already present but without extrarenal symptoms is a unique human disease model of pure proteinuria. In search of genes and pathophysiologic mechanisms associated with proteinuria, we(More)
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