Learn More
The physiological role of huntingtin and the mechanisms by which the expanded CAG repeat in ITI5 and its polyglutamine stretch in mutant huntingtin induce Huntington's disease (HD) are unknown. Several techniques have now demonstrated abnormal metabolism in HD brain; direct measurement of respiratory chain enzyme activities has shown severe deficiency of(More)
Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) is encoded by three mitochondrial and nine nuclear genes. COX deficiency is genetically heterogeneous but current diagnostic methods cannot easily distinguish between mitochondrial and nuclear defects. We hypothesized that there may be differential expression of COX subunits depending on the underlying mutation. COX subunit(More)
Depletion of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) appears to be an important cause of mitochondrial dysfunction in neonates and infants. We have identified another child in whom depletion of mtDNA was demonstrated in liver and serial skeletal muscle biopsies. A primary myoblast culture from the patient initially showed normal levels of mtDNA, but there was a(More)
Controversy exists as to the clinical importance, cause, and disease specificity of the cytochrome oxidase (CO) activity reduction observed in some patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although it is assumed that the enzyme is present in normal amount in AD, no direct measurements of specific CO protein subunits have been conducted. We measured protein(More)
Mitochondria play a critical role in cellular energy metabolism. The identification of a respiratory chain defect in Parkinson's disease (PD) provides not only a direct link with toxin models of parkinsonism but also insight into the mechanisms involved in etiology and pathogenesis. The presence of the complex I deficiency in PD substantia nigra and(More)
Mutations of the alpha-synuclein gene have been identified in autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD). Transgenic mice overexpressing wild-type human alpha-synuclein develop motor impairments, intraneuronal inclusions and loss of dopaminergic terminals in the striatum. To study the mechanism of action through which mutant alpha-synuclein toxicity is(More)
An out-of-frame mutation of the mitochondrial DNA-encoded subunit I of cytochrome c oxidase (COX) was discovered during investigation of a severe isolated muscle COX deficiency in a patient with motor neuron-like degeneration. The mutation is a heteroplasmic 5-bp microdeletion located in the 5' end of the COI gene, leading to premature termination of the(More)
Several groups have identified mitochondrial complex I deficiency in Parkinson's disease (PD) substantia nigra and in platelets. A search for any mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation underlying this defect has not yet produced any consistent result. We have made use of a mtDNA-less (p0) cell line to determine if the complex I deficiency follows the genomic(More)
Mutations of the PINK1 gene are a cause of autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease (PD). PINK1 encodes a mitochondrial kinase of unknown function which is widely expressed in both neuronal and non-neuronal cells. We have studied fibroblast cultures from four family members harbouring the homozygous p.Q456X mutation in PINK1, three of their wild-type(More)
We report on a novel frameshift mutation in the mtDNA gene encoding cytochrome c oxidase (COX) subunit III. The proband is an 11-year-old girl with a negative family history and an apparently healthy younger brother. Since 4 years of age, she has developed a progressive spastic paraparesis associated with ophthalmoparesis and moderate mental retardation.(More)