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BACKGROUND Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and open vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) are treatment modalities for morbid obesity. However, few prospective randomized clinical trials (RCT) have been performed to compare both operations. METHODS 100 patients (50 per group) were included in the study. Postoperative outcomes included hospital(More)
BACKGROUND An increasing number of patients with a failed primary bariatric procedure present themselves for secondary treatment. Only a few studies have investigated critically the success of revisional surgery. In the present study, the effectiveness of revisional surgery for failed vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) is analyzed: restoration of the VBG(More)
The acute phase proteins LPS binding protein (LBP) and serum amyloid A (SAA) are produced by the liver and are present in the circulation. Both proteins have been shown to participate in the immune response to endotoxins. The intestinal mucosa forms a large surface that is continuously exposed to these microbial products. By secretion of antimicrobial and(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a safe technique with few direct postoperative complications. However, long-term complications such as slippage and pouch dilatation are a well-known problem and re-operations are necessary in a substantial number of patients. In this study, the results of laparoscopic re-operations after LAGB are(More)
The increased susceptibility to infections after surgery in jaundiced patients is considered to be caused by an impairment of cellular immunity and/or nutritional status. Endotoxins are suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis. However, the mechanism of action is unknown. Germ-free rats were used to study the effect of biliary obstruction in a model(More)
Lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) is an important modulator of the host's response to endotoxin. In a previous study, we found evidence for the synthesis of LBP by intestinal epithelial cells. In this study, we explored the polarity of LBP secretion by these cells. Polarized monolayers of Caco-2 cells were used as intestinal mucosa model. Cells were(More)
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most frequent occurring infection among mechanically ventilated patients. The clinical presentation of VAP ranges from relatively benign to a severe illness with septic shock. The influence of VAP on patient outcome has not been elucidated and its effects on the inflammatory response of the host are unknown. In a(More)
Systemic kinetics of three inflammatory mediators (bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein [BPI], soluble intercellular adhesion molecule [sICAM], and soluble E-selectin [sE-selectin]) were studied during the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) (n = 42), diagnosed on quantitative cultures of bronchoscopic samples. From a pool of(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare esophageal Doppler ultrasonography with standard hemodynamic variables used in postoperative care for the prediction of postoperative complications after cardiac surgery. DESIGN Prospective, observational pilot study. SETTING University hospital, multidisciplinary intensive care unit PATIENTS Postoperative cardiac surgical(More)
Objectives:Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an obesity-associated disease, and in obesity adipokines are believed to be involved in the development of NAFLD. However, it is still not clear whether adipokines in the liver and/or adipose tissues can be related to the development of specific characteristics of NAFLD, such as steatosis and(More)