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We have probed for active sites in the B1 chain of laminin using synthetic peptides comprising certain regions of its amino acid sequence as deduced from cDNA clones. An antibody to a 19-mer from domain III inhibited attachment of HT-1080 and CHO cells to laminin, while the peptide itself was inactive. A nearby peptide (CDPGYIGSR) from domain III with(More)
Der EuroQol-Fragebogen ist ein Indexinstrument zur Messung der gesundheitsbe-zogenen Lebensqualität. Ziel der Studie war, den EuroQol-Fragebogen aus dem Englischen zu übersetzen und auf Reliabilität, Praktikabilität und Validität zu prüfen. Die Ergebnisse sollten mit denen aus anderen europäischen Ländern verglichen werden. Für Deutschland wurden 1.000(More)
Laminin promotes epithelial cell adhesion in part through a site of nine amino acids CDPGYIGSR on the B1 chain. Using smaller synthetic peptides from this sequence as well as various peptides with amino acid substitutions, we find that the minimum sequence necessary for efficient cell adhesion as well as receptor binding is YIGSR. The deletion of tyrosine(More)
The invasion of tumor cells through basement membranes is a critical step in the formation of metastases. The binding of the malignant cells to laminin in the basement membranes allows their attachment and activates their invasiveness. Recently a synthetic nonapeptide from the B1 chain sequence of laminin was identified as a major site for cell binding. A(More)
Previously we reported that a pentapeptide (Tyr-Ile-Gly-Ser-Arg or YIGSR) from domain III of the B1 chain of laminin is a cell attachment site with the ability to stimulate cell adhesion and migration and to block experimental metastases. Here we report studies on the activities of synthetic peptides that cover domain III and report a second biologically(More)
O-(2-fluoroethyl)-l-tyrosine (FET) labeled with fluorine-18 is an important and specific tracer for diagnostics of glioblastoma via positron emission tomography (PET). However, the mechanism of its quite specific accumulation in tumor tissue has not been understood so far. In this work we demonstrate that [3H]l-tyrosine is primarily transported by the(More)
A type III secretion system (T3SS)-associated cytotoxin, AexT, with ADP-ribosyltransferase activity and homology to Pseudomonas aeruginosa bifuncational toxins ExoT/S, was recently identified from a fish pathogen Aeromonas salmonicida. In this study, we reported the molecular characterization of an aexT-like toxin gene (designated as aexU) from a diarrheal(More)
The interaction of a line of human breast carcinoma cells (MCF7) with basement membrane components, particularly laminin, was altered by exposure of the cells to estrogen as well as by transfection of the cells with the v-Ha-ras oncogene. In both cases, the cells show a greater ability to attach to a laminin substrate, to migrate to laminin, to grow in the(More)
Estrogen increases the ability of the estrogen-dependent MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line to both proliferate and invade through an artificial basement membrane. In studying the response of MCF-7 cells to various antiestrogens, we found that 4-hydroxytamoxifen and tamoxifen inhibited cell proliferation but increased their invasiveness. In contrast, the(More)
Extracellular matrices have diverse biological effects, including promoting the growth and differentiation of various cells of epithelial origin. The components of one of these matrices, the basement membrane, are discussed, as well as studies using these components alone or in combination with cells in culture. The particular response observed varies with(More)